On April 17, 2013, a massive explosion at a fertilizer facility in West, Texas killed 15 people, 12 of whom were volunteer firefighters. This tragedy brought the dangers of chemical facilities to the national consciousness. On August 1, 2013, President Obama issued an Executive Order, which directed the EPA to issue new rules to prevent future chemical facility disasters. New rules were issued on January 13, 2017 but the Trump administration suspended and overturned them.
Chemical facility incidents continue to occur and often result in evacuations, shelter-in-place, closure of local businesses, injury to employees, community residents and sometimes death.
In 2021 the Biden administration will consider whether to issue a comprehensive disaster prevention rule that truly protects workers and communities from an estimated 150 serious incidents that occur each year in the U.S. We periodically update this list based on news reports.
Below, a list of chemical incidents from April 2020 to the present. Click on each headline to learn more. Previous compilations of chemical facility incidents can be found here.
This is only a subset of incidents reported by media, industry, or government agencies.
Older Incidents by Month
Chemical release, shelter-in-place, Dow Material Sciences, Midland, Michigan
October 25, 2022
A chemical release led to a shelter-in-place at the Dow Material Sciences operation in Dow Michigan Operations I-Park. Four employees close to the release were evaluated for health impacts. Dow did not disclose the chemical, but the city of Midland identified it as Dowtherm A, a heat transfer fluid. Dowtherm A contains biphenyl. Potential health hazards include birth defects, and developmental and reproductive effects.
Ammonia leak, evacuations, Perfekta machining plant, Wichita, Kansas
October 25, 2022
A leak from a tanker truck in the parking lot of the aerospace machine shop plant led to the evacuation of the building. Three employees were treated on the scene for inhalation issues.
Fire, shelter-in-place, Wilbur-Ellis Fertilizer, Moses Lake, Washington
October 24, 2022
A massive fire at a fertilizer plant led to a shelter-in-place order and destroyed the wooden building.
Chlorine gas leak, evacuations, Greenwood Wastewater Treatment Plant, Greenwood, Louisiana
October 21, 2022
A fire at a wastewater treatment facility caused a chlorine gas cloud to be released while officials scrambled to evacuate residents living close to the plant. The cause of the fire was not reported.
Fire, shelter-in-place, Valmont-Oklahoma Galvanizing, Claremore, Oklahoma
October 16, 2022
Large plumes of thick black smoke released from a metal galvanizing business led authorities to order residents to shelter-in-place.
Ammonia leak, evacuations, Reddy Ice, Phoenix, Arizona
October 15, 2022
Residents and businesses near the ice manufacturing facility were advised to evacuate after a hazardous chemical alarm sounded. The Phoenix Fire Department was investigating the cause of the leak.
Chemical fire, shelter-in-place, Sasol, Westlake, Louisiana
October 15, 2022
The Office of Homeland Security issued a shelter-in-place order after a fire and explosion occurred at a petrochemical plant. The section with the incident manufactures specialty alcohols. Many residents complained that an emergency siren was not sounded. “We could be in that house and we’ve got air conditioners on, and that air conditioner draws all the fumes and that could kill us off,” Buddy Glover told KPLC-TV. Sirens at Sasol and other facilities in the Lake Charles area have not been functioning since Hurricane Ida struck in 2020.
Fire, Clean Earth Inc, Fernley, Nevada
October 13, 2022
Water used to put out a fire at a hazardous material recycling facility led to several explosions.
Chemical leak, AdvanSix, Chester, Virginia
October 8, 2022
One person was hospitalized with “inhalation injuries” after an unnamed chemical leaked at the nylon resin factory.
Fire, Shelter-in-Place, Resolute Forest Products, Menominee, Michigan
October 7, 2022
A recycled paper warehouse fire caught fire and was destroyed. Authorities advised residents to shelter-in-place. The mill’s manufacturing areas were not damaged.
Fire, former American Rubber Company building, La Porte, Indiana
October 5, 2022
A massive fire at the former rubber factory, which was being used to warehouse highly flammable hand sanitizers, caused officials to issue an air quality alert for local residents. The building was destroyed. It had been shuttered in the 1990s after four employees were killed in a boiler explosion.
Toxic vapors, Northwest Packing, Vancouver, Washington
October 4, 2022
A food packing plant was evacuated after two chemicals, only identified as “acids,” were accidentally mixed, causing toxic vapors. Northwest Packing is a producer of private labeled and brand name canned fruit products such as pears, cranberries, plums and cherries, according to the company’s website.
Ammonia leak, JR Simplot, Grand Forks, North Dakota
October 3, 2022
Workers evacuated a frozen potato processing plant after a leak of ammonia was discovered.
Fire, TransChemical Warehouse, St. Louis, Missouri
September 28, 2022
Nine workers evacuated a chemical warehouse, which suffered significant damage. TransChemical said the fire burned “consumer chemicals that are generally used as cleaning agents for mechanical parts.” TransChemical distributes specialty chemicals to the food and consumer industries.
Hazardous material spill, nine hospitalized, Hope Material Inc., Riverside, CA
September 23, 2022
A spill of what was only described as caustic material caused the evacuation of 300 workers Nine people including two firefighters went to the hospital. Local news described Hope Material as a recycling facility.
Two fatalities in fire at BP Husky Toledo plant, Oregon, Ohio
September 21, 2022
An oil refinery was taken offline after two employees, who were brothers, died from injuries sustained in a “major fire” at the facility. Cause of the fire is under investigation. The Toledo plant was also the scene of a fire in November 2021, in which there were no injuries. The refinery can process up to 160,000 barrels of crude a day, according to BP.
Chemical combustion, Akzo Nobel, Memphis, Tennessee
September 16, 2022
An unintentional delivery of organic peroxide was left outside the warehouse and temperatures caused the chemical to combust. All employees were safely evacuated from the facility.
Chemical release, evacuations, Hygenic Corp., Akron, Ohio
September 15, 2022
An unidentified chemical was released from a rubber product manufacturer and caused authorities to evacuate neighboring businesses and close local roads.
Explosion and fire, three injuries, Chord Energy oil well, Montrail, North Dakota
September 2, 2022
An explosion and fire at an oil well hospitalized three contract workers. They were servicing the well. An investigation is underway regarding the cause of the incident.
Peracetic acid spill, Perdue Farms, Washington, Indiana
August 25, 2022
A forklift tipped over causing a 250 gallon container of peracetic acid to spill in a livestock feed factory. Several employees were treated for respiratory distress. Washington Fire Chief Steve Walden said, “It is a feed grade chemical that is used to kill bacteria. In the air it is also an irritant.” The building was evacuated while the spill was addressed. Perdue Farms is part of Perdue Agribusiness, which converts grains and oilseeds into soybean oil, crude soy oil and protein feed for farm livestock, according to the company’s website.
One fatality, four others hospitalized, hydrogen sulfide release, U.S. Ecology, Canton Township, Ohio
August 22, 2022
Hydrogen sulfide released from a waste management facility killed one person and hospitalized four other people. The local fire department stated that the release was confined to the plant and there were no concerns outside the facility. The cause of the release is under investigation.
This location treats hazardous waste, according to the company website.
Fire, Mace Polymer and Additives (a/k/a Mace Adhesives & Coatings), Dudley, Massachusetts
August 18, 2022
A fire broke out in an unoccupied building. The fire and subsequent chemical explosions destroyed the facility. “Mace Polymers deals with harmful chemicals, so the site is considered a high hazard facility.” According to the company website, Mace Polymers focuses on the development of polyurethane materials, such as dispersions, solvents and flame retardants. According to Mace’s 2021 report to EPA, the plant has on site up to 10,000 pounds of diisocyanates and ethylene chloride and 100,000 pounds of chromium compounds.
Styrene leak from rail car, evacuations and road closures, Perris, California
August 12, 2022
A rail car containing styrene overheated and began leaking styrene, causing about 170 businesses, residents and schools in a half-mile radius to be evacuated and parts of a local freeway to be shut down. An explosion was feared and the train was deemed unapproachable by officials who used drones to monitor its temperature. It was reported that 188,000 pounds of styrene was emitted from the railcar. Styrene is a carcinogenic and highly toxic chemical that is used in the manufacture of latex, polystyrene and synthetic rubber.
One injured in explosion, fire, Interco Trading Warehouse, Madison, Illinois
August 10, 2022
One employee suffered burns after an explosion in a recycling center. The subsequent fire, which became so big it was visible to weather radar services, caused officials to issue a shelter in place for residents within a one-mile radius. The Illinois governor later issued a disaster proclamation. The cause of the incident is under investigation. Interco Trading is described as a global “metaltronics recycler”. According to the company website, Interco recycles “nonferrous metal, industrial recycling, computers, electronics and electronic vehicle batteries.”
Fire, Bekaert Corp., Rome, Georgia
August 9, 2022
A power surge knocked out fans in a vent for flammable chemicals used at a bead wire manufacturing plant. “When workers at the plant attempted to restart those fans it ignited, built up fumes and also sprayed some of the chemical on the ground in the plant,” according to a local report. Bekaert supplies bead wire to US tire manufacturers. Bekaert has up to 10 pounds of hydrochloric acid on site, according to a 2021 filing with EPA.
Fire, Henkel Co., Salisbury, North Carolina
August 9, 2022
Fire and hazmat crews were called in to address a fire at an adhesives factory. The cause of the fire is under investigation. According to a Henkel filing with EPA, in 2021 the facility has on-site up to 10 million pounds of toluene and 500 million pounds of acrylic acid.
Chlorine leak, shelter in place, Clearon Corporation, South Charleston, West Virginia
August 4, 2022
A 30-gallon drum of chlorine tablets decomposed and caused a haze and a smell in the area. Officials issued a short-lived shelter in place order. Clearon is a manufacturer of specialty chemicals for water treatment. According to a Clearon filing with EPA, in 2021 the facility has on site up to 100 pounds of ammonia and 10 million pounds of chlorine.
Magnesium silicate release, Heritage Plastics, Picayune, Mississippi
August 2, 2022
Two workers from a funeral home near Heritage Plastics found their building covered with chemicals and began experiencing respiratory issues. The two were treated and released from a local hospital. Authorities determined the chemical to be dry magnesium silicate that originated from Heritage Plastics. According to the company’s website, Heritage Plastics manufactures calcium carbonate concentrates for the plastics industry.
Chemical fire, shelter in place, Prime Eco Group, Wharton Texas
August 2, 2022
A chemical fire, which burned for 8 hours, caused officials to issue a shelter in place for residents near the facility. Portions of State Highway 60 were closed. The fire caused significant damage to a portion of the plant. Prime Eco did not disclose to reporters what chemicals were involved in the conflagration but state officials later told ABC13 that “the building where the fire happened had an unknown amount of alcohol-based hand sanitizer, several totes of mineral oil, and a couple of drums of pentene and turpentine inside.” Prime Eco manufactures specialty chemicals for the oil, gas and construction industries.
Hexavalent chromium release, Tribar Technologies, Wixom, Michigan
August 1, 2022
The state of Michigan opened a criminal investigation into the release of “several thousand gallons” of carcinogenic hexavalent chromium into the Huron River via the city wastewater treatment plant. Regulators identified the source as Tribar, a company that provides auto trim and finishing services. Officials advised local residents to avoid Huron River, where the Wixom’s wastewater treatment plant discharges. They warned people not to swim, stand, or drink water from the Huron River, water plants with this river water, or eat fish caught in this area of the river. Hexavalent chromium is a carcinogen, asthmagen, mutagen, and reproductive and developmental toxicant.
Excessive ethylene oxide emissions, Parter Sterilization Service, Carson, California
July 30, 2022
The Air Quality Management District issued a notice of violation against Pater Sterilization after it discovered the company released ethylene oxide gas above the agency’s threshold levels. “Air quality officials issued a notice of violation to the company after samples of the air showed high levels of the gas,” reported local news.. “Hundreds of homes and even an elementary school are within 2,000 feet of the facility. People exposed ethylene oxide may experience headaches, nausea and vomiting among other symptoms, but long-term exposure to the gas can lead to cancer.” Parter Sterilization provides medical device manufacturers with sterilization services.
Methanol leak, three hospitalized, Avantor Inc., Wheatfield, New York
July 27, 2022
Four hundred gallons of methanol were reported to have leaked. Three employees were transported to the hospital for evaluation and decontamination after 400 gallons of methanol leaked from a chemical plant. The cause of the spill was under investigation. Avantor provides specialty chemicals to the pharmaceutical, healthcare, education and applied technology industries, according to the company website.
Chemical leak, evacuations, WeylChem, Elgin, South Carolina
June 27, 2022
Workers were unable to close a valve at a chemical plant, causing a leak and cloud of vapor. The company manufactures “specialty chemicals used in pharmaceuticals, flavor enhancers, herbicides and pesticides” and “has a long history of being cited for state and federal environmental violations” according to news reports.
Flaring, thick smoke, ChevronPhillips, Baytown, Texas
July 26, 2022
A power outage caused excessive flaring and the emission of thick black smoke from the company’s petrochemical plant.
Anhydrous ammonia leak, shelter in place, Lineage Logistics, Forest Grove, Oregon
July 25, 2022
Forty-five emergency workers including two hazmat team responded to a leak in a cold storage warehouse. A shelter in place was advised for local businesses while the building was monitored and ventilated. Lineage Logistics specializes in refrigerated storage and transportation.
Several treated for chemical exposure, Ultium Cells, Lordstown, Ohio
July 23, 2022
Two employees were taken to the hospital while others were treated on site after being exposed to an unnamed chemical. According to a news report, “In a statement, Ultium Cells said ‘air samples were taken in the area with a certified meter, and all tests were at safe levels.’ When we asked Ultium what chemical their employees were exposed to, their representative responded with the same above statement. We also asked why employees would need to be hospitalized if levels were safe, but the Ultium representative did not respond to the question.” Ultium Cells is a joint venture between General Motors and LG Energy Solutions that manufactures car batteries.
Fire, Floor Coatings, Etc. New Castle Delaware
July 22, 2022
A three-alarm fire at a fluid-flooring company exposed firefighters to solvents. The firefighters had to decontaminate after quenching the fire. Floor Coatings Etc. installs resinous floors and manufactures all of their own materials, according to the company website.
Chemical Spill, shelter in place, Allnex Chemical, East St. Louis, Missouri
July 23, 2022
A tanker truck leaked an unknown chemical, which caused people to complain of nausea and burning eyes. A precautionary shelter in place was issued to local residents until the smell dissipated. Less than two weeks prior, the same facility was the site of an explosion that injured two workers (see July 10).
Multiple chemical releases including iodine vapor and ethylene glycol, Eastman Chemical Company, Kingsport, Tennessee
July 22, 2022
Initially residents reported seeing a purple vapor being emitted from a coal-to-plastics facility an hour before city officials were alerted to the releases. Eventually, in addition to the plume which the company claimed contained iodine vapor and methyl iodide, Eastman acknowledged its released 600 gallons of a “mutagenic chemical” into the South Fork Holston River. The chemical was identified as ethylene glycol. The company blamed the releases on a power outage.
Explosion, fires, evacuation, Johnson Matthey Catalysts, Sevierville, Tennessee
July 21, 2022
An explosion, and concerns for a second explosion, prompted the evacuation of a portion of a metal catalyst plant. Company officials believe that the explosion was caused by nickel aluminum powder. Nickel aluminum catalysts are carcinogenic asthmagens and are toxic when inhaled, according to Pharos. They are mainly to produce sorbitol.
Solvent fire, evacuations, shelter-in-place, Woodward Inc., aerospace facility, Valencia, California
July 20, 2022
A jet fuel tank caught fire at an aerospace company. The building was evacuated and several local businesses were advised to shelter in place while a hazmat crew responded. The material, which was only identified as being a solvent, was being tested to determine the cause of the incident. Woodward manufactures motion control systems for aircraft.
Fire, shelter-in-place, Tri-County Stockdale Company, Shorewood, Illinois
July 19, 2022
A massive fire at a landscaping and farm supply facility sent heavy potentially-toxic smoke into the residential neighborhood. Authorities issued a shelter-in-place for a two-mile radius surrounding the facility. Out of six buildings on the property, four were reported to be at a total loss.
Hydrogen fluoride release, shelter-in-place, Honeywell Specialty Chemicals, Carville, Louisiana
July 18, 2022
The facility went into a shelter-in-place mode after a leak in a line containing hydrogen fluoride. One employee was treated for exposure. Honeywell makes fluorinated gas, including refrigerants and blowing agents, at the Carville plant. In October 2021, a worker was killed by another incident. At that time, The Advocate reported, “the Honeywell Geismar plant in Carville where a worker was killed earlier this month has had 11 accidental releases of toxic or flammable chemicals in the past three years.”
Ammonia leak, National Beef, Hummels Wharf, Pennsylvania
July 16, 2022
Forty-six employees were treated for exposure to ammonia gas at a meatpacking facility. The building was evacuated after a valve failure led to the release of an estimated 3,000 pounds of ammonia. Residents near the plant were advised to shelter in place and keep doors and windows closed while fire crews worked to decontaminate the area.
Chemical fire, Valance Drilling Fluids, Shreveport, Louisiana
July 15, 2022
A pallet of chemicals caught fire at the warehouse which operates to support the company’s headquarters operation in Edmond, Oklahoma. The drilling chemicals were reported not to have been hazardous.
Seven injured, explosion and fire, Amorock Polymer Concrete, Boulder, Colorado
July 11, 2022
A massive explosion sent seven employees to the hospital and caused serious structural damage. The cause of the explosion wasn’t immediately known and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration said it will conduct an investigation. Amorock makes polymer concrete that incorporates resin as the binding agent. The Boulder City Review reported: “It is unknown what caused the explosion, but at the time of the event, work involving polymer was being done.The chemicals used in the manufacturing process pose a risk for cancer and other deadly lung diseases to those in the area. The Nevada Occupational Safety and Health Administration issued five serious violations to Amorock three months ago, with penalties totaling more than $12,000.”
Two injured, explosion and fire, Allnex Chemical, St. Louis, Missouri
July 10, 2022
An explosion in a tank injured two people and caused a structural fire that damaged the building. Fire crews also reported a chemical spill. The chemical was not identified. Allnex Chemical produces adhesives, coatings and specialty chemicals. (See also July 23, 2022)
Explosion, Gold Eagle Cooperative Fertilizer, Hardly, Idaho
July 7, 2022
A bin of sulfur caught fire and exploded as it was being moved to a mixing bin via conveyor belt. There were no injuries but some structural damage to the fertilizer plant was reported.
Chemical leak, evacuations, PfP Industries, Katy, TX
July 2, 2022
A fire was reported to have caused the leak of bleach. A voluntary evacuation notice was issued for a half mile radius surrounding the plant. According to PfP, the site produces polyacrylamide, guar, and other chemicals in service to the hydraulic fracturing fossil fuel industry.
Ammonia leak, McKinley Paper Mill, Port Angeles Washington
June 25, 2022
An unknown amount of ammonia spilled from a 16,000 gallon tank filled with “a 15 percent concentration of aqueous ammonia.” It was reported that the leak was limited to a containment area and was not released into waterways or the environment.
Ammonia leak, evacuations Arctic Glacier ice plant, Marshall, Minnesota
June 23, 2022
A mechanical issue led to the release of ammonia at the ice factory. Surrounding businesses at the industrial park where the plant was located were evacuated while hazmat teams ventilated the building. No injuries were reported.
Gas leak, shelter-in-place, Haskins Steel Co., Spokane, Washington
June 22, 2022
Nitrogen and oxygen leaking from high pressure manufacturing vessels in a steel fabrication facility caused the building to be evacuated. A shelter in place was issued for the surrounding community.
Fire, Oxy Vinyls plastics factory, La Porte, Texas
June 21, 2022
A fire at a plastics production facility raised concerns about the potential release of ethylene oxide, but no “protective measures” for the community were advised by officials. The fire was reported to have started in a pump and was extinguished in three hours. Oxy Vinyls manufactures vinyl chloride monomer and polychloride vinyl (PVC).
One fatality, one injury, Lhoist Chemical Lime Plant, Ripplemead, Virginia
June 20, 2022
One contractor was killed after being engulfed in lime kiln dust during a routine excavation procedure. A second contractor received minor burns from the lime dust while trying to assist his colleague. Lhoist is an international supplier of lime, limestone and clay, according to the company’s website. The mine was closed while the cause of the incident was under investigation.
Ammonia leak, five injuries, Pilgrim’s Pride, Gainesville, Florida
June 16, 2022
An ammonia leak at a poultry processing plant resulted in the hospitalization of five employees. Around 700 more workers were evacuated. (See similar January 21, 2022, ammonia leak at Pilgrim’s Pride in Canton, Georgia, which hospitalized three employees.)
Hydrogen sulfate leak, multiple injuries, Pergamena Leather, Montgomery, New York
June 16, 2022
A hydrogen sulfate leak sickened several people; some were temporarily unconscious. Pergamena is a tannery and leatherwork company offering specialty leathers and parchments.
Oil-based effluent leak, Lockhart Chemical, Flint, Michigan
June 15, 2022
Thirty thousand gallons of oil leaked into the Flint River, leading to a “no contact” order. EPA used chemical fingerprinting to determine Lockhart Chemical as the source of the leak. Lockhart manufactures metalworking fluids and greases.
Fire, LyondellBasell Industries Houston Refinery, Houston, Texas
June 14, 2022
A fire broke out in a coker in LyondellBasell’s petrochemical plant in Houston. Cokers process residual oil into commodities such as motor oil feedstocks or petroleum coke. LyondellBasell had planned to permanently shut down the 263,776 barrel per day refinery at the end of 2023.
Explosion, three injured, Quasar Energy Group, Wooster, Ohio
June 14, 2022
An explosion at a biosolids processing plant sent three employees to the hospital. It was reported that the explosion occurred in a chamber used to process biosolids such as food wastes. “Quasar Energy Group, based in Cleveland, is a waste management and renewable energy firm that designs, builds, and operates anaerobic digestion systems in North America.”
Fire, Intl-Matex Tank Terminals, St. Rose, Louisiana
June 13, 2022
A fire at a petroleum bulk storage terminal was contained within an hour.
Chemical leak, Indorama Ventures, Sulphur, Louisiana
June 10, 2022
Maintenance activities at a petrochemical plant led to a leak of pyro naphtha, a chemical mixture containing benzene, occurred during maintenance activities. According to a company spokesman, air and soil quality were affected and state and federal agencies were notified. A local roadway was shut down when air monitors detected benzene at levels of 1.8 parts per million. It was reported that two to five barrels of the chemical were spilled in the incident. Indorama produces ethylene and propylene at its Sulphur location.
Explosion, fire, Freeport LNG, Quintana, Texas
June 8, 2022
A liquid natural gas export facility exploded and caught fire. No evacuation orders were issued although company officials told the media they were uncertain as to what chemicals, if any, could have been released in the explosion. Later it was reported that the facility, which is a large exporter of liquid natural gas, would be shut for at least three weeks. Residents were concerned that the explosion could have led to a “nightmare scenario” given the proximity of other chemical plants.
Chemical fire, Dirats Laboratories, Westfield, Massachusetts
June 8, 2022
Hazmat crews were called in to identify the chemical involved in the fire, while a “large area” surrounding the facility was closed off due to high winds. According to the company website, Dirats “performs mechanical testing, chemical analysis and metallurgical evaluation for aerospace, automotive, defense, electronics, medical, power generation” and other industries.
Chemical spill, PVS Chemicals, Painsville, Ohio
June 3, 2022
A spill of 150 gallons of blended acid was brought under control by employees who then evacuated the building. The spill was reported to have been caused by a damaged container.
PVS sells chemicals used in the agricultural, water treatment, oil & gas, electronics and other industries.
One hospitalized, 20 injured in a hazmat release, Best Buy Distribution, Dublin, Georgia
June 2, 2022
A retail chain’s warehouse building was evacuated after more than 20 employees complained of respiratory and eye irritations from an unknown powdered substance. One person was hospitalized but their condition was not reported. Hazmat teams worked on decontaminating the building.
Massive explosions, fire cause local evacuations, Nox-crete, Omaha, Nebraska
May 31, 2022
An entire neighborhood near the facility was evacuated and firefighters were reported to be proceeding with caution because of the uncertainty regarding which chemicals were involved in the conflagration. Plumes of thick black smoke enveloped the area. According to reports Nox-Crete had filed a notification of environmental concern with the city stating, “acids, bases, and solvents in large quantities were involved in the fire, but no details are available yet. The company will provide additional information when it becomes available.” However, it did identify that “mineral spirits (liquid), naphtha (liquid) and acid NOS (liquid)" were released. “Multiple agencies are working to determine all chemicals in the warehouse and what their impacts may be.” Nox-crete provides chemical additives used in concrete, according to the company website.
Entire city ordered to shelter in place, hazardous material fire, Minnesota Valley Irrigation Wadena, Minnesota
May 30, 2022
The entire city of Wadena, Minnesota (population 4,124) was ordered to shelter in place after a fire at Minnesota Valley Irrigation. The inferno destroyed the facility. Wadena Police said, “The cloud of smoke is not dangerous to breath in, however we are asking residents to shelter in place. We recommend that you close your windows and shut off your air conditioning.” Emergency responders were temporarily removed from the scene after a tornado alert was issued. The facility had produced sprinklers and other irrigation equipment.
Sulfuric acid leak, Pixelle Specialty Solutions, Stevens Point, Wisconsin
May 26, 2022
A leak of 400 gallons of sulfuric acid occurred at a specialty paper mill. While officials asked the public to avoid the area, evacuations were not issued.
Phosphorus trichloride leak, Lanxess Chemical, Charleston, South Carolina
May 24, 2022
Phosphorus trichloride leaked in a containment building of Lanxess’ flame retardant and agrochemical production plant. The company said the toxic gas was contained on site and that “Rosemont residents were notified of the leak, but Idell Frazier Sass, said she didn’t learn of the incident until a Charleston City Paper reporter called her. Sass lives on the north end of the community closest to the plant. ‘Nobody told me anything,’ she said this week. ‘I am concerned. I’ll need to get out if something really, really happens.’” Phosphorus trichloride is fatal if swallowed and causes serious eye and skin damage, according the Pharos Project.
Magnesium fire, Unnamed Recycling plant, phoenix, Arizona
May 22, 2022
In addition to the main fire, hazmat crews were called in to address spot fires caused by exploding magnesium, including some that landed near a television news crew.
Hazardous mixture at chemical distributor endangers community, LabDirect, LLC, Old Saybrook, Connecticut
May 19, 2022
Police and crews from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms conducted two planned explosions of what was described as hazmat materials at a chemical distributor. Some reports indicate local businesses were evacuated. It was reported the incident was “prompted by mixing and synthesizing dangerous chemicals.” According to the company website, LabDirect provides “critical reagents” to “the independent chemistry community.” Federal officials opened a criminal investigation. “Connecticut State Police confirmed to Channel 3 that the Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) requested the state police bomb squad to help its investigators at LabDIRECT LLC,” reported local news. The following day the building was declared uninhabitable and shut down along with the entire street leaving “other companies on the street with no way to conduct business.”
Fire, PPG Industries, Springdale, Pennsylvania
May 11, 2022
Workers were evacuated from the facility after it was reported that vents were emitting smoke Smoke and flames were reportedly emitting from vents inside a PPG Industries plant, leading to an evacuation. The fire was brought under control within an hour and caused minimal damage, according to the company. PPG produces coatings and resins at its Springdale plant.
One injured, chemical fire, Imperative Chemicals, Midland, Texas
May 11, 2022
A spark was said to have ignited two 55 gallon drums, seriously injuring an employee who was offloading chemicals. News service Yourbasin reported, “They were mixing or off-loading some chemical and somehow, it ignited,” said Midland County Fire Marshal Justin Bunch. “We got two flammable liquids involved: toluene and methanol… What they were trying to mix them for, I don’t know. We’re still trying to investigate that.” Imperative Chemical Partners offers chemicals and services to oil and gas companies operating in the Permian Basin.
Four exposed, hundreds evacuated, chemical leak, Dura-Tech, Mansfield, Texas
May 10, 2022
A leak of nitric acid forced the evacuation of 260 employees, four of whom were treated by paramedics for exposure to the chemical. Hazmats crews were reported to have been sprayed down after being exposed to the situation. According to the Centers for Disease Control, “Exposure to nitric acid can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and mucous membrane; it can also cause delayed pulmonary edema, pneumonitis, bronchitis, and dental erosion. Nitric acid is highly corrosive. Workers may be harmed from exposure to nitric acid.” Cause of the leak is under investigation.
“Dowtherm A” release, shelter in place, Geo Specialty Chemicals, Allentown, Pennsylvania
May 1, 2022
Geo Specialties, owned by Arsenal Capital Partners, released Dow Chemical-made heat transfer fluid, leading officials to issue a shelter-in-place for a one-mile radius from the facility. The release reportedly left the area smelling like fabric softener for several hours. According to Dow’s material safety data sheet, the chemical is an “aspiration hazard” that “can enter lungs and cause damage.” According to Geo Specialty’s website, it manufactures “water treatment chemicals; coating and resin additives; specialty acrylic monomers; and consumer additives.”
Eight injured in fire, Valero Refinery, Mereaux, Louisiana
April 23, 2022
Two employees and six contractors were taken to the hospital after a fire broke out at an oil refinery. Residents reported a loud boom and black and white smoke being emitted from the building. Local roads were closed until the “product burned off.” Cause of the fire is under investigation.
Fire, evacuations, Performance Minerals Corp (PMC), Ensley, Alabama
April 22, 2022
A fire forced the evacuation of a two-block radius of the plant, and the plant itself, due to the presence of an unknown chemical. PMC supplies calcium sulfate for the composites industry, according to the company website.
Hydrogen explosion, five injured,Global Tungsten & Powders, Towanda, Pennsylvania
April 21, 2022
A hydrogen explosion at a refractory metal powder plant injured five people.
Fire, Nutrien Ag Solutions, Leoti, Kansas
April 19, 2022
A fire at the fertilizer company caused officials to evacuate people living within a half-mile radius of the facility. The evacuations were ordered when hazardous materials were discovered at the site. A Nutrien fertilizer plant in Sunnyside, Washington, was the site of a fire/evacuations on Feb 28, 2022.
Chlorine leak, shelter in place, Olin Chlor-Alkali Plant, Baton Rouge, Louisiana
April 18, 2022
A compressor fire caused a chlorine leak that sent a “huge” cloud of the toxic gas to be released from the facility. Residents in the Plaquemine area were ordered to shelter in place, an order that was lifted the following day. Olin issued a statement saying, “Monitoring confirms there is no risk of onsite or offsite exposure” to chlorine. Although it was initially reported that there were no injuries in the incident, subsequent reporting found that 23 people checked into local hospitals. A spokesperson for the Department of Environmental Quality said that the agency stood by its determination that the air quality was not at a level of concern. Olin’s Chlor-Alkali plant operates within a complex owned by Dow Chemical. Chlorine is used in the manufacture of petrochemical-based plastic including polyurethane and epoxies.
Chlorine leak, evacuations, Central Wastewater Treatment Plant, Bedford, Virginia
April 15, 2022
A chlorine leak formed a toxic gas cloud. Police evacuated 46 homes and seven businesses near the wastewater treatment plant. Four people were treated at a local hospital and released.
Explosion, fire, injuries, evacuations, Tenawa Haven Midstream, Haven, Kansas
April 15, 2022
An explosion ripped through a gas processing facility and ignited a fire. Two people were hospitalized with minor injuries and residents within a two mile radius of the facility were evacuated. The cause of the explosion is under investigation.
Hydrochloric acid spill, Borghi USA, West Burlington, Iowa
April 14, 2022
A broken pipe spilled a large amount of hydrochloric acid at a pipe manufacturing plant. The fire chief ordered the building to be evacuated due to the explosive nature of the chemical.
Flash Fire, One injury, ChampionX Chemical, Scott Louisiana
April 14, 2022
An employee mixing chemicals was burned when static electricity caused a flash fire to erupt. The fire did not spread and the building sustained minor damage. The chemicals involved in the incident were not revealed. ChampionX provides equipment and technology for the upstream and midstream oil and gas industry, according to the company’s website.
Ammonia leak/shelter in place, Midland Farms, Menands, NY
April 13, 2022
Officials issued a shelter in place for village residents regarding what was reported to be an ammonia leak at a dairy.
Fire/Evacuations/School Closings, Taylor Farms, South Salinas, California
April 13, 2022
A massive fire engulfed the Taylor Farms food processing plant. It set off fears an explosion would release a plume of ammonia into the surrounding neighborhoods. Portions of the area were evacuated while a shelter in place was issued for others. At least four Elementary Schools were closed because of the incident. It was reported that the facility contained up to 40,000 gallons of ammonia. The fire was started when a spark from a welding project ignited a wall.
Arson, explosion, evacuations, Pacific Pride Industrial Fuel Station, Medford, Oregon
April 12, 2022
A huge chemical explosion resulted in a fuel fire and forced evacuations within a half-mile of the facility. Firefighters scrambled to control leaking fuel silos and used heavy foam to bring the situation under control. The fire destroyed four buildings. Up to 12,000 gallons of petroleum products, including lube oil, diesel and gasoline, were released into the local environment. A 49-year-old man was arrested on April 22 on charges of first-degree arson, six counts of first-degree criminal mischief, and reckless endangering.
Massive chemical fire/hazardous fumes, Port Manatee Scrap Metal, Palmetto, Florida
April 10, 2022
A pile of recycling material including metal, plastic and vehicles caught fire. The blaze spread beyond into an adjacent CSX train storage yard. Because of the intensity of the hazardous smoke, Manatee County government officials issued a no-fly zone within a half-mile radius of the fire and advised people to avoid the area.
Five-alarm fire/shelter-in -place orders, Home Depot, San Jose, California
April 9, 2022
A massive fire at a Home Depot store caused officials to issue a shelter-in-place order for residents. The store as well as a pet clinic adjacent to the building were evacuated. The raging inferno became so hot its heat signature was detected from space. “Paint, paint thinner, lumber, all sorts of flammable materials, plastic lawn chairs, things that burn pretty readily and a lot of them and a large store – so challenges as far as that went,” SJFD Battalion Chief Brad Cloutier was reported saying. No injuries of humans or animals were reported. The cause of the fire is under investigation. Local KTVU Fox 2 News reported: “One of the most perplexing and important questions that arson investigators are going to have to answer is: How can it be, with such a big building that has so many fire suppression systems, how could it burn almost completely to the ground?”
Four-alarm Fire, Valero Energy and Amports, Benicia, California
April 9, 2022
A fire at a marine port terminal blazed for 24 hours before being extinguished. The terminal is used by Valero Energy, which operates a refinery next door. The fire was reported to have ignited silos filled with petroleum coke and also crept up a creosote-soaked wooden dock, which could only be approached by fireboats. San Francisco Baykeeper executive director Sejal Choksi-Chugh said, “It is clear that the Bay will suffer as well, and we will be following up with responsible agencies to determine the extent of the pollution damage done to the Bay.’” Officials also expressed concerns that the incident will “create major economic challenges for the region.”
Ethylene oxide spill, BCP Ingredients, Verona, Missouri
April 8, 2022
A malfunctioning valve released 1,290 pounds of ethylene oxide from a railcar being offloaded at BCP Ingredients. BCP never notified local officials. It did report the incident to the National Response Center, which apparently took no further action. Local residents expressed frustration that they found out about the leak via an anonymous citizen, four days after the release, rather than from the company or any government agency. “Our city officials learned of this spill from a private citizen and NOT from the company, not EPA, DNR or county officials, all who were informed of this!,” a local woman wrote in a complaint. EPA noted after the incident that facilities such as BCP “must coordinate response needs with local emergency planning and response organizations.” Balchem uses ethylene oxide in the manufacture of animal food, nutritional supplement and oil well production products. Ethylene oxide is also repackaged for use in the sterilization of medical implements and spices, according to the company’s Risk Management Plan. In 2019 the regional EPA expressed concerns about the lack of information regarding air emissions at the BCP facility. According to the Monett Times, “the EPA had no equipment in Verona, or even anywhere in all of EPA’s Region 7, that could measure ethylene oxide emissions from the plant. EPA took its measurements on environmental impact from regional airports, incorporating meteorological data from wind records...Mayor Joseph Heck argued for a community survey showing cancer and other illnesses. Alderman Denise White offered to go door-to-door herself and document what people report."
Propane explosion, fire Coleman Company, Wichita, Kansas
April 7, 2022
A forklift punctured a propane tank setting off a chain reaction of propane tank explosions at a camp stove factory. According to a Fire Department Chief, over 1,000 one-pound propane tanks exploded in the incident. It was reported “The cylinders were exploding and launching several hundred feet in the air.” More than 80 firefighters were involved in defeating the blaze.
Evacuation from Chlorine Leak, Milk Specialties, Fond du Lac, Michigan
April 7, 2022
A “yellow fog” of chlorine gas emerged from a dietary supplement factory. Workers and local residents were advised to evacuate the area, a local railway line was closed, and delivery trucks were prevented from entering the area. The cause of the leak was under investigation. Milk Specialties produces “whey proteins, milk proteins, specialty proteins or hydrolysates” according to the company website.
Styrene leak, Allnex, Louisville, Kentucky
April 7, 2022
A coating resin plant released potentially hundreds of gallons of carcinogenic styrene into local sewers. City officials revealed this information after residents complained of a noxious odor. Residents reported being told conflicting information regarding the spill, some being told to leave, others to shelter in place. All complained about frequent odors. "You say leak. I say leak/dump. It happens too often, and you all haven't taken care of it," one resident was reported saying. Allnex was fined $15,000 and ordered to make improvements after a 2010 spill at the Louisville location.
Fire, Twin Rivers Technologies, Quincy, Massachusetts
April 5, 2022
Coconut oil, which is used in the manufacture of detergents and personal care products, caught fire after machinery failure. “The system is being monitored and will remain shutdown until it is fully repaired and tested,” the company said. Twin Rivers produces oleochemicals which are derived from plant and animal fats and used in common consumer products.
Hydrofluoric acid release, Marathon Petroleum Mandan Refinery, Mandan, North Dakota
April 4, 2022
Workers were evacuated after the facility released an unknown amount of hydrofluoric acid.. The leak was addressed with the use of water cannons. "They fired water cannons, which then react with the gas so it then becomes a liquid so it won't leave the site," a state environmental scientist was reported saying. An investigation into the cause of the leak was initiated.
Fire, shelter-in-place Flying Colors Imprinting Warehouse, Melvindale, Michigan
March 31, 2022
A massive fire caused officials to issue a shelter-in-place order and completely destroyed the warehouse. The building stored chemicals for a customized printing and screening business. “The fire also prompted a precautionary shelter-in-place order for nearby homes due to the possibility of chemicals in the air. Chemicals were "definitely a problem" for firefighters, said the Melvindale chief, who said they used ladders from three different trucks to get it under control,” according to a local news report.
Toluene Diisocyanate leak, shelter in place, Anderson Development Company, Adrian, Michigan
March 30, 2022
Residents within a half-mile radius were advised to shelter in place after problems with a batch of polyurethane at the plant caused a release of toluene diisocyanate (TDI), which is a carcinogen. Anderson Development Company is a specialty chemical manufacturer and a subsidiary of Mitsui Chemicals, according to the company’s website. Its products include polyurethane dispersions used in coating applications.
Oleum leak, AdvanSix, Hopewell, Virginia
March 29, 2022
The company reported the leak, which was discovered by employees, to local authorities. Employees worked to contain the leak and no injuries were reported. “Oleum is a thick and corrosive liquid made of sulfuric acid that is used in the refining of crude oil. When it comes in contact with air, it releases a pungent white cloud of sulfur trioxide. It can burn your eyes and cause respiratory problems if inhaled,” noted a report in the Progress-Index. AdvanSix uses oleum in the production of caprolactam, a feedstock of nylon polymer used in carpet fibers, and other plastics.
Molten aluminum spill, fire, Mercury Marine, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin
March 27, 2022
Molten aluminum spilled from a machine causing a blaze. The facility’s 30 employees to be evacuated. “Dry chemical fire extinguishers were needed to extinguish the fire and eliminate any potentially hazardous or explosive interaction the material might have with water,” according to a local news report. The plant molds recycled aluminum into components for boat engines.
Explosion, fire, ExxonMobil Refinery, Lockwood, Montana
March 27, 2022
An explosion and fire rocked a refinery outside Billing, Montana. It started in a multi-story building that delivers crude to the refining process. The refinery, which is reported to employ its own emergency response team, was assisted by multiple agencies in getting the situation under control. “The ExxonMobil refinery spans 720 acres, and its products include gasoline, diesel, asphalt, butane and propane,” according to a news report.
Fire, Diamond Chemical Company, East Rutherford, New Jersey
March 25, 2022
A fire at a chemical plant was brought under control by firefighters within an hour. It was the third incident in three years at the facility, which produces industrial cleaning, disinfectant and sanitizing agents.
Chemical spill, Plaskolite Inc., Compton, California
March 24, 2022
Over 200 complaints over a “strong odor” permeating for miles away caused officials to trace the cause to an unnamed chemical at the plastic fabrication company. “I got lightheaded and dizzy. The smell got so intense I had to put on a mask,” a local resident was reported saying. The chemical was identified as methyl methacrylate which was released from a ruptured bag. Plaskolite manufactures acrylic, polycarbonate and other plastic sheets.
Fire, evacuations, shelter in place, McCrum Potato Processing, Belfast, Maine
March 24, 2022
An early morning massive fire was reported to have started in a fryolator machine, ”The fire and the potential for toxic smoke caused the closure of schools in RSU 71, including Belfast Area High School, which is located less than a mile from the potato factory. Troy Howard Middle School was used as an evacuation center for the residents of Harbor Hill Nursing Home, located just across the Passagassawakeag River from the fire,” according to a local report. Officials also advised local residents to shelter in place. Of special concern was the facility’s storage of almost 10,000 pounds of ammonia, the detonation of which EPA officials said could have affected 3,900 people in a 2.2 mile radius.
Sulfuric acid fire, Pepperidge Farms, Bloomfield, Connecticut
March 23, 2022
Drums of sulfuric acid and caustic soda caught fire leading to an evacuation and shut down of the facility. The chemicals were being stored outside the bakery under a tent.
Eleven Firefighters hospitalized, Thatcher Company, Williamson, New York
March 23, 2022
A massive fire was reported to have started in an area that was used for the storage of empty drums and totes at a chemical company. The building was evacuated. Local roadways were shut down. The company indicated that the blaze may have been caused by medicated soap residuals in some totes. Firefighters were hospitalized with minor injuries including smoke inhalation. Thatcher Group manufactures chemicals for a diverse number of industries including food, pharmaceutical, mining, laundry (including d-Limonene), oil & gas and water treatment, among others according to the company website.
One fatality, one injured, explosion and fire, HazMat Emergency Response and Remediation (HERR) facility, Whiteville, North Carolina
March 21, 2022
One employee died after being airlifted to a hospital with burns and another suffered minor injuries after an explosion and fire at the privately owned and operated hazardous materials contractor. News reports were contradictory. While some news reported only petroleum and gasoline being involved in the incident, an early report from The Robesonian reported no injuries but acknowledged a “small-scale” hazardous material release. It also said that residential pool tablets stored at the facility had caught fire. According to the company’s website: “Hazmat Emergency Response and Remediation, Inc. (HERR) is a privately-held, full-service environmental contractor with its corporate office based in Whiteville, North Carolina. HERR was formed in 2002 to serve eastern North Carolina and South Carolina by providing remediation, industrial, emergency response and waste management services.”
Acid spill, evacuation, Straus Family Creamery, Rohnert Park, California
March 18, 2022
About 250 gallons of a mixture of nitric and phosphoric acid leaked after a forklift accidentally punctured a storage tank. The solution, which is used as a cleaning agent, spilled into the front parking lot of the facility and caused the evacuations of the dairy company as well as several nearby businesses.
One injured in a silicone fluid explosion, Northwest Cosmetic Labs, Idaho Falls, Idaho
March 17, 2022
A 26 year old employee was in critical condition after attempting to mix silicone fluid into a product line. The flammable liquid ignited, injuring the employee. The rest of the facility was evacuated. Northwest Cosmetics is owned by Elevation Labs.
Chemical spill, Huntsman Chemical, Los Angeles, California
March 17, 2022
The release of a “large pungent plume” at the plastics fabrication facility caused officials to evacuate the building and several surrounding buildings. According to a local report, the gas came from an “epoxy system that requires a heating process. The product’s mixing vessel overheated, which triggered the pressure relief valve, according to the Los Angeles Fire Department. The valve operated as designed, expelling gas into the air and creating a small cloud that authorities say rapidly dissipated.” A company spokesperson claimed that there were no environmental impacts from the event.
Oil tank explosions, XTO Energy, Madill, Oklahoma
March 16, 2022
Five explosions set off a fire at the oil company’s storage facility. The nearest residence was reported to be half a mile away.
Chemical combustion, evacuations, EMCO Chemical Packaging, Colombia, Missouri
March 15, 2022
After attempts were made to clean it with alcohol
A 55 gallon drum of divinylbenzene being cleaned at a chemical packaging company caught fire. All employees were evacuated. “At one point, the temperature of the reacting chemicals was hotter than 300 degrees,” according to a local news report. “The polymer eventually solidified, but not before expanding and emitting smoke. Once the temperature of the drum dropped below 150 degrees, the plant was turned back over to EMCO officials.”
Crude oil spill, Marathon Pipeline, Edwardsville, Illinois
March 14, 2022
A pipeline leak discharged 165,000 gallons of crude oil into Cahokia Creek. The spill was contained with the use of booms but local residents were unaware of the incident. "The only reason I knew this was happening was because I could smell it from my yard,” one resident was reported saying. The company sent veterinarians to the area to minimize the harm to wildlife.
Evacuation, Desktop Metal, Burlington, Massachusetts
March 11, 2022
Hazmat crews were called in after a chemist working at a 3D Printing company noticed the temperature of a tumbler of aluminum powder getting dangerously high. The chemist, fearing an explosion, called for an evacuation, introduced nitrogen into the tumbler and called on hazmat. “Burlington Firefighters declared a Tier 1 HAZMAT situation and requested assistance from the state Department of Fire Services HAZMAT team. The State Police Bomb Squad was also called to the scene as a precaution. Those crews remain on scene and are working to safely remove and dispose of the aluminum powder.”
Bleach leak, evacuations, Gold Creek Foods, Gainesville, Florida
March 11, 2022
Bleach leaking from a poultry processing tank forced the evacuation of the facility. According to Hall County Fire Services spokeswoman Christie Grice, “The chemical drained from the tank into an internal contained drain inside the business,” she said. “The business was evacuated, four people were evaluated on the scene for minor injuries.”
Explosions, fire, Welding company, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
March 7, 2022
A two alarm fire at the facility, which provides welding, metal stamping and custom tooling, caused several explosions. The lone worker in the building at the time was evacuated. Hazmat crews kept firefighters outside the building due to “dangerous chemicals” inside the building. “Along with the various welding chemicals inside the building, there were also old 55-gallon drums with their chemical remnants.” News reports did not identify the facility involved. The only welding company identified in the vicinity of the explosion and fire is Capitol Stampings.
Fire, Lutz Roofing, Shelby, Michigan
March 2, 2022
A massive blaze at a roofing factory raised a hazardous air quality alert and warning for residents to stay indoors. “Several semi trailers were ablaze and dark, gray smoke could be seen for several miles while fire crews worked to get the blaze under control. Other materials such as tires and shingles were also burning,” according to the Macomb Daily.
Landfill overflow, Bristol, Virginia
March 1, 2022
Hazmat crews were called in to address an overflow of water at the city’s landfill, which was caused by a pump failure. The water leaked into a tributary and samples were taken for investigation. The landfill has caused chronic problems for local residents and business owners. “There’s different smells that come from it,” Quickee Mart crew member Bradley Parris said. “Sometimes it’s a gassy-like smell, and sometimes it smells like death.” The Quickee Mart reported an increase in sales of candles and incense after this latest incident.
Cleaning chemicals exposure, four hospitalized, Giovanni Food Company, Lysander, NY
February 28, 2022
Four workers were hospitalized after complaining of chest pain and headaches. Hazmat teams evacuated the building and determined the incident to have been caused by the accidental mixing of cleaning chemicals.
Fire and evacuation, Nutrien Ag Solutions, Sunnyside, Washington
February 28, 2022
A fire raged at the fertilizer plant, forcing residents in a half-mile radius to evacuate their homes, According to news reports: “More than 1.7 million pounds of sulfur burned—though fire officials were more concerned with the hazardous ammonium sulfate. Authorities say 236,000 pounds of the substance, which was considered the most dangerous chemical in the plant, burned early into the blaze.”
Plastic foam fire, Curve Street Metals, Alexandria, Indiana
February 27, 2022
A spark from steel cutting operations at the scrap yard set a pile of plastic foam on fire, causing the town’s mayor to declare a local emergency. Concerns about air quality were raised after clouds of smoke drifted over residences and much of the downtown.
Fire, Full Circle Ag, Pierpont, South Dakota
February 23, 2022
Fire broke out in what was described as an “ag chemical mixing” plant, completely destroying the building. Officials said that the chemicals were contained and “winds were light enough to allow fumes to pass over the town and not pose a threat” to the 180 residents of Pierpont.
Six injured in explosion and fire, Marathon Oil, Garyville, Louisiana
February 21, 2022
Six employees and contractors suffered minor injuries in a “massive” explosion and fire at the facility. After the fire was extinguished, “Air monitoring was deployed in the community, and no hazardous levels of emissions were detected.” The cause of the incident is under investigation. The Garyville facility has a refining capacity of 578,000 barrels of crude oil a day, according to the company’s website.
Three injured in an ammonia leak, Lincoln Premium Poultry, Fremont, Nebraska
February 20, 2022
Two employees and one contractor were hospitalized after an ammonia leak occurred at a poultry plant. The cause of the leak is under investigation. Lincoln Premium supplies poultry to Costco Wholesale.
Fire, 3M, Rockland, Massachusetts
February 17, 2022
A fire in the ductwork above a processing line caused concern. “It’s a chemical company, they mix their own adhesives…they make tape. With just the nature of that, the fire was above one of the adhesive lines,” said Rockland Fire Chief Scott Duffey.
Fire, Suite-Kote Asphalt, Cortlandville, New York
February 16, 2022
Plastic pellets used by an asphalt company for paving caught fire. Since the pellets were near tanks loaded with highly flammable liquid asphalt, specialized units were called in to battle the blaze. "Hazmat response was generated by what they do here with the liquid asphalt, the paving products. Not sure 100% what was burning, so we had the city hazmat team, city of Cortland Hazmat Team respond, bringing in foam as well,’ said Mike Biviano, deputy chief of the Cortlandville Fire Department.”
Fire, “chemical emergency” and shelter in place, Air Liquide, Fremont, California
February 16, 2022
A fire caused concerns about the potential release of toxic chemicals into the air. Authorities issued a shelter in place warning for two nearby hotels and asked local residents to avoid the area. The fire started when a plastic vessel became over-pressurized. Precautions were taken because of the uncertainty regarding the nature of the substance. “They store unknown chemicals and transport unknown chemicals,” said Deputy Chief Zoraida. Air Liquide supplies industrial gasses to medical and other industries.
Noxious odors, BFI Waste Systems/Middle Point Landfill, Murfreesboro, Tennessee
"More than 1,600 complaints about the Middle Point Landfill have poured into a Murfreesboro “odor reporting portal” since December, reported Tennessee Lookout. The reports described smells emanating from the 207-acre site as “like feces,” “a rotting, gaseous smell,” “like methane and musky shoes” and driving some residents indoors with runny eyes, scratchy throats and headaches." Despite these complaints, operators of the landfill, BFI Waste Systems, are proposing to expand the landfill, which was reported to have taken in about 680,000 tons of “secondary aluminum smelter waste” in the 1990s and early 2000. "When mixed with household trash — and moisture — the materials react, creating the potential for heat, noxious odors and chemical fires."
Fire, explosion, Foamex International polyurethane foam plant, Orange, California
February 10, 2022
Employees loading blocks of polyurethane foam, reported to be as big as train cars, on a conveyor belt noticed smoke and tried unsuccessfully to prevent the foam from catching fire. “The company manufactures polyurethane and advanced polymer foam products, and those nearby could see, and smell, the huge pieces of foam burning,” reported NBC Los Angeles. An environmental specialist determined that there was no need for hazmat cleanup. The cause of the fire is under investigation, but Plastics News advanced one theory: “The polyurethane foaming reaction is exothermic, and foam made from PU is insulating. If a foam formulation is not correctly designed, excess heat can be generated, and become trapped in the center of the large blocks of foam. This can lead to fires.” Foamex’s products are used in consumer products, bedding, healthcare, transportation and other industries.
Chemical leak, evacuation, Contitech, Lincoln, Nebraska
February 8, 2022
A leak of “hundred of gallons” of a chemical solvent forced the evacuation of the facility. The chemical was not identified but the spill was said to be contained to a “cement house.” Contitech’s Lincoln plant produces conveyor belts and other rubber products for the agricultural, industrial, lawn and garden, and automotive industries.
Chemical spill, evacuation, Muscatine Transfer Station, Muscatine, Iowa
February 7, 2022
Two chemicals combined in a spill, and set off a reaction that was deemed hazardous, leading officials to evacuate the building. “The entire incident caused several alarms in the area to activate and emergency personnel checked each location out to make sure it was safe,” reported Our Quad Cities. The identity of the chemicals involved was not disclosed.
Oil Well explosion/fire, Chesapeake Energy, Burleson County, Texas
February 5/6, 2022
An oil well exploded forcing debris onto a local roadway, which injured the driver of a pickup truck. The nature of the debris was not disclosed. The following day a fire was reported at a second location in the same county. Both incidents are under investigation.
Triethylamine leak, evacuation, Delta Petro Chemical, Baytown, Texas
February 4, 2022
Highly flammable triethylamine leaking from a railcar forced the evacuation of Delta Petro Chemical. It was uncertain what company owned the railcar, which was docked at the Delta Petro facility. Delta is a chemical wholesaler and distributor, according to the company website.
Power outage at multiple chemical facilities, Texas City, Texas
February 4, 2022
A massive power outage caused several area petrochemical facilities to flare off the product. “At industrial plants, flare stacks are usually used for burning off flammable gas released by safety valves during unplanned events. Flaring is also used for the planned combustion of gasses in short periods of time during startups and shutdowns,” reported KHOU-11 TV.
Fire and shelter-in-place, Alachua Feed & Seed store, Gainesville, Florida
February 3, 2022
Residents were advised to shelter in place after a fire “engulfed” the feed store, which stocked chemicals and fertilizers. The building was severely damaged but fire crews successfully prevented the flames from damaging adjacent structures.
Refrigerant leak and evacuation, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Plainville, Massachusetts
February 2, 2022
Two hundred workers were evacuated when 2,000 pounds of liquid refrigerant spilled. Early reports suggested the leak occurred when a frozen pipeline was activated. Thermo Fisher Scientific supplies equipment, software and chemical ingredients to pharmaceutical and laboratory industries.
Fire and evacuation, Winston Weaver Fertilizer Plant, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
January 31, 2022
Over 6,000 people were advised to leave their homes for at least 48 hours after a rapidly spreading fire at the facility caused officials to issue evacuation orders for a one-mile radius of the plant over fears of a massive explosion. Fire crews were also called up to abandon their efforts and recede from the blaze when the fire approached a large amount of stockpiled ammonium nitrate, which is used to produce fertilizers and explosives. Winston Weaver was reported to have anywhere from 300 to 600 tons of the chemical stored at the plant. Nearby Wake Forest University closed classes for the day and opened buildings for people fleeing from the situation. Officials warned that air quality would be affected and encouraged people away from “strenuous outdoor activity”. "’At the beginning of this incident there was enough ammonium nitrate on hand for this to be one of the worst explosions in U.S. history,’ Winston-Salem fire chief William "Trey" Mayo said at a press conference”The building had no sprinklers, no alarm, and adhered to building codes from 1939. It also had no Risk Management Plan.
“High Pressure Steam Line Failure,” Eastman Chemical plastics plant, Kingsport, Tennessee
January 31, 2022
Five people received minor injuries when a steam line failed, causing loud explosive noises, vibrations and the release of debris into the area surrounding the facility. Eastman did not identify the nature of the debris but local residents described it as “black, yellow and resembling moss” and reported “that they had initially thought the falling debris was snow.” The Kingsport plant features the country’s largest coal gasification plant for plastics.
Explosion and chlorine gas release, Occidental Chemicals Chemical Plant, Gregory, Texas
January 27, 2022
A valve ruptured at a petrochemical and plastics plant outside Corpus Christi, Texas, leading to a release of chlorine gas that ignited and caused a “huge plume of smoke”. Shelter in place orders were issued for the employees of Occidental Chemicals (OxyChem) as well as employees of Chemours, which makes chemical agents next door. OxyChem operates three major chemical facilities on this site: a chlor-alkali plant that produces chlorine and caustic soda, an ethane cracker that makes ethylene, and a plant that combines chlorine and ethylene to make ethylene dichloride and vinyl chloride monomer. OxyChem exports vinyl chloride monomer to Mexico and Colombia where it is used to make PVC plastics like pipes.
Six injured in Explosion, Westlake Chemicals, Westlake, Louisiana
January 27, 2022
Six employees experienced minor injuries when an empty ethylene dichloride tank exploded and released a “mushroom cloud” of smoke into neighboring areas. A shelter in place for residents and local schools was issued. The cause of the incident is under investigation. Westlake uses ethylene dichloride in the manufacturing of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics. On September 28 2021 (see below) an explosion at another Westlake facility in nearby Sulphur, Louisiana which also injured six workers. That explosion occurred during maintenance of an ethane cracker.
Fire, Jacam Catalyst oil and gas field chemicals, Dickinson, North Dakota
January 26, 2022
A fire at a building used for storing hazardous chemicals burned for more than 13 hours, and completely demolished the structure. There were no reports of what chemicals were stored in the building. According to Jacam’s website, the company provides chemicals for the oil and gas industry.
Fire, EMR Recycling, Newark, New Jersey
January 25, 2022
A massive fire at a metal recycling scrap yard at the Port of Newark sent smoke billowing across Newark Bay into Manhattan and other New York City boroughs. “Newark firefighters worked with the scrap yard's heavy equipment operators to move and spread out the metal so that it could be extinguished.” EMR exports steel scrap to India and Pakistan, according to shipping records.
Explosion/Fire, Devon Energy, Okarche, Oklahoma
January 24, 2022
Two employees were injured after an explosion and fire occurred at a Devon Energy oil well pad. The employees were reported to have been performing cleaning and maintenance when the incident occured. A similar incident occurred at another Devon Energy pad in Oklahoma, on December 21, 2021.
Fertilizer fire, Stanislaus Farm Supply, Modesto, California
January 24, 2022
Residents and businesses in a one-mile radius were asked to shelter in place, close windows and turn off HVAC for eight hours due to a fire which engulfed fertilizer grade sulfur.
Fire, Troy Chemical Company, Newark, New Jersey
January 22, 2022
A fire occurred at a disinfectant chemical plant in New Jersey. According to the company’s website, some of the products it manufactures include fungicides, algaecides, dispersers, defoamers, and industrial disinfectants.
Ammonia leak, Pilgrim’s Pride, Canton, Georgia
January 21, 2022
Forty-two employees evacuated a poultry processing plant after local residents made several 911 calls reporting an ammonia smell. The ammonia leaked from a broken pipe in the plant. Three employees were taken to the hospital with “mild to severe” injuries.
Chemical explosion, one fatality, one critical injury, W.R. Meadows, Hampshire, Illinois
January 21, 2022
An explosion in a construction chemical tank killed one employee and left another in critical condition. They were cleaning the tank. W.R. Meadows produces asphalt, sealants and concrete for construction products. Hampshire Fire Protection District Chief Trevor Herrmann said, “there were several chemicals used in the company's processing of a concrete sealant product, and vapors from the product led to the blast.” According to CBS Chicago “Part of the manufacturing facility was reduced to rubble. The building itself has had two Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) violations in the past, both serious. At least one shows employees getting hurt cleaning another tank.”
Fire, Arnold’s Pest Control, Cranford, New Jersey
January 21, 2022
A chemical storage garage at a pest control company caught fire. Officials authorized a shelter-in-place for local residents due to “hazardous conditions.”
Explosion, 11 injuries, Husky Energy, Superior, Wisconsin
January 19, 2022
An explosion of what was reported to be either a tank of crude oil or asphalt injured 11 people and caused the evacuation of residents, schools and a hospital within a 3-mile radius of the oil refinery. Thick clouds of toxic smoke also caused the evacuation of residents and businesses in a 10-mile radius of the smoke’s pathway. Schools remained closed the following day. The refinery processes heavy crude from Canadian tar sands as well as Bakken crude from North Dakota.
Multiple explosions, Hussey Copper smelter, Leetsdale, Pennsylvania
January 16, 2022
A malfunctioning valve on a hopper at a copper smelting facility led to a series of explosions that caused 4,000 pounds of molten copper to be flung through walls, windows and roofs. No one was injured by the copper, but the event lit several fires. “Crews were advised to remain out of the interior during the large explosions and to not expose the molten metal to water, which would cause chemical explosions that would spray molten copper. As the copper began to cool, firefighters were able to advance into the plant with dry chemical fire extinguishers to battle the interior flames and stop the explosions.”
Two leak incidents, Glycerin Traders methanol plant, Defiance, Ohio
January 14/15, 2022
A local resident called authorities to report a “strong chemical smell” and “brown residue” in a creek close to their house. The contamination was reported to have been caused by a contract worker allowing the chemical to enter a storm sewer. The following day firefighters were called to the facility where they reported “a large amount of liquid product was flowing out of the top of one of the large storage tanks.” About 3,500 gallons of the liquid, which was not identified, were leaked, prompting a notification to the EPA. The facility has the capacity to produce “225,000 gallons of processed glycerin, 100,000 gallons of reclaimed methanol & 105,000 gallons of fatty acids per month,” according to the company.
Phenol spill, AdvenSix nylon resin factory, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
January 14, 2022
Up to 2,000 gallons of phenol was spilled after a worker forgot to close a valve while loading a railcar. “It was not clear how much of the chemical, if any, ended up in the sewer, which runs to a treatment plant and, ultimately, the Delaware River.” AdvanSix uses phenol for the manufacturing of nylon resin.
Acid spill, shelter-in-place, Asia Union Electronic Chemical Corp. (AUECC), Sparks, Nevada
January 14, 2022
Evacuations and shelter in place orders were issued after 130 gallons of acid spilled inside a chemical warehouse. No injuries were reported. AUECC provides chemicals for the microelectronics industry, according to the company’s website. It imports chemicals such as ammonium hydroxide, hydrofluoric acid, acetic acid and sulphuric acid from China.
Massive chemical fire, shelter-in-place, one injury, Majestic Industries and Qualco Inc. Passaic, New Jersey
January 14, 2022
“An 11-alarm fire in Passaic this weekend at a chemical plant packed with hazardous substances could have turned into one of the most catastrophic chemical disasters in the region in recent history,” reported northjersey.com. An 11-alarm fire engulfed a furniture manufacturer Majestic Industries and pool chemical company Qualco. The conflagration forced officials to issue shelter-in-place orders for local residents. “The flames engulfed about 100,000 pounds of chlorine in one building, and an official put damages to the facilities at more than $15 million. Only a shell remained of a three-story, 300-by-400-foot brick building that had been used to store plastics, pallets and some chlorine,” according to the report. Over 200 firefighters prevented the fire from spreading to Qualco’s main chemical plant where chlorine pellets were manufactured. According to information filed with New Jersey regulators, Qualco stocks 3 million pounds of potentially hazardous substances at the Passaic facility. Some of these substances include sodium chloride, propane, calcium chloride and boric acid, according to the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
Fire, boil-water advisory, Air Liquide Advanced Materials specialty gas plant, Portland, Pennsylvania
January 13, 2022
A fire at an Air Liquide gas plant originated from a leaking electrical device. According to a posting by the Hope Volunteer Fire Department, they were called upon “to keep burning equipment cool to prevent a large explosion and possible large-scale incident if other chemicals on-site were involved. The tank/pipes that area departments were cooling with two tower ladders houses and transfers Disilane (a colorless gas that is extremely flammable). A boil water advisory was set in place for 500 local residents after the blaze, which took about 4 hours to extinguish. Air Liquide Advanced Materials produces specialty gasses and other materials for the semiconductor industry, according to Businesswire.
Explosion Fire, Koda Resources Operating, LLC oil well, Grenora, North Dakota
January 11, 2022
An explosion and fire at an oil well, which was reported to have 1,362 barrels of crude oil onsite, was contained and no injuries were reported. The company stated that it could not determine how much of the oil was burned up until the fire was extinguished.
Explosion, fire, 4 injuries, PMC Biogenix oleochemical factory, Memphis, Tennessee
January 11, 2022
Four employees were injured when an explosion and fire occurred at the facility. PMG Biogenix manufactures oleochemical derivatives at the facility, according to the company website. The explosion and fire were reported to have involved a fatty acid. One person was taken to the hospital while the others were treated at the scene.
Explosion, shelter-in-place, Interplastic Corporation resin plant, Fort Wright, Kentucky
January 10, 2022
A polyester resin plant exploded, and residents in a one-mile radius were told to shelter-in-place. Covington City Commissioners were reported to be seeking legal action over the latest incident. “My phone has not stopped ringing,” Commissioner Tim Downing said. “That facility is not respecting its neighbors. We need to figure out a way to do something about it.” In March 2019, local residents were also advised to shelter in place after a white cloud, described as being a “lung irritant”, was seen being emitted from the facility. Interplastic also had paid $4.75 million in a 2004 class-action settlement over pollution. “One of the terms of the settlement was that the plant would take steps to be a better neighbor,” Paul Dickman [attorney in the case] said. “Doesn’t sound like they’ve done that.” According to the company’s website, Interplastic “focuses on the production and distribution of unsaturated polyester and vinyl ester resins, gel coats, colorants, and putties for the composites and cast polymer industries.”
Fire, Nan Ya Plastics factory, Wharton, Texas
January 9, 2022
A polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics factory was evacuated and residents were encouraged to avoid the area after a fire, which was reported to be caused by a mechanical failure, raged through the facility. No injuries were reported but it was unclear whether the facility would be operational in the near future. The Wharton facility manufactures PVC rigid films for use in consumer products such as Christmas trees, laminated flooring and film on credit cards. Nan Ya is a subsidiary of Formosa Plastics.
Explosion, “Chemical Structure Fire”, Hatch and Kirk Warehouse, Godfrey, Illinois
January 7, 2022
“Multiple barrels of solvents caught fire” as a massive fire quickly spread through and destroyed a warehouse. The facility, which is located a quarter-mile north of Alton High School, housed inventory for the rail, marine, industrial, power generation, and offshore drilling industries, according to the company website.
Explosion, CSX Coal Terminal, South Baltimore, Maryland
January 3, 2022
A “thunderous” explosion from a coal rail terminal “had residents diving for the floor,” according to a news report. “The explosion emitted huge clouds of black smoke containing soot and other particulates. Officials stated that the cause of the event was a propane tank explosion at the coal silo, which stores coal mostly from West Virginia to ships exporting it to other countries. Residents have long complained about the CSX facility, fearing long-term effects from exposure to the sooty particulates. “Asked if the explosion emitted dangerous fumes or particulates into the neighborhood, a spokesman for the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) indicated that the state was leaving it to the railroad to monitor the situation.”
Fire, Farm Chemicals fertilizer factory, Raeford, North Carolina
December 31, 2021
Part of a fertilizer factory was destroyed and local roads were closed to traffic as “the plant was reported to have some areas containing materials that could be hazardous when burned,” the news reported. According to the facility’s Risk Management Plan, it stores ammonia in the manufacturing of fertilizer. “FCI receives, stores, uses, and ships Aqua Ammonia,” reads the RMP. Its “primary role is a fertilizer, blending and distributing facility. The facility has one 20,000 gallon storage tank. The facility receives inbound Aqua Ammonia by tanker truck. The tank system is used for storage of the material until it is sold for use to a customer or used in fertilizer blending.”
Fire, Georgia Pacific engineered wood products plant, Taylorsville, Mississippi
December 31, 2021
A small fire in a reactor tank was quickly brought under control. The reactor was described as a “tank about the size of a mid-sized vehicle where chemicals are mixed for use in various resins and other woodworking products.” Georgia Pacific’s Taylorsville plant provides plywood, wood chips and lumber processing.
Freon leak, Costco store, Hazlet, New Jersey
December 29, 2021
Twenty employees were reported as being sickened after a leak of freon occurred in the refrigerator section of the wholesale store. The leak was reported before the store opened and hazmat crews and employees worked to ventilate the store. However, several hours later employees began complaining of headaches and nausea. Hazmat units evacuated and closed down the store.
Explosion, fire, four injuries, ExxonMobil Baytown, Texas
December 23, 2021
Four people were injured in what was described by county officials as a “major industrial accident” at the ExxonMobil facility, which contains an oil refinery and an olefins plant. It was reported that the fire was in the olefins unit while the explosion occurred in an area that “processed material with gasoline components”. The 3,400 acre facility is the fourth largest refinery in the US. “The company said its industrial hygiene team was monitoring air quality at the site and fence line, and that "available information shows no adverse impact at this time."
No evacuations or shelter in place orders were issued, but the county sheriff’s department urged people to avoid the area. It was later reported that the incident released naphtha, which is a product of gasoline distillation. In 2019, 37 people were injured in a major fire at the facility in the unit that processes propylene.
Solvent leak, Devon Energy, Calumet, Oklahoma
December 21, 2021
An unidentified solvent was reported to be leaking from a tank owned by Devon Energy. A nearby resident reported the leak stating that a liquid overflowed a retaining wall and leaked out close to a street. Oklahoma News 4 reported: “The fluid was running all the way down about, oh, 300 feet down into [Highway] 66 and was flowing good,” said Scott Beard, a resident who lives nearby.” Beard and other residents expressed concern over the fate of the spill. ““It’s going to kill the grass, and if it kills the grass, it’s going to kill animals and other things,” said Beard, who grows wheat and raises cattle on his property. “Extracting oil and gas from shale formations using hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling technology has become a controversial public issue,” reported the Investor Environmental Health Network in 2018. “Leaks, spills, explosions and community impacts have led to bans and moratoria in multiple regions in the U.S., including New York State, and around the globe, putting the industry's social license to operate at risk. Devon Energy has been a laggard in the oil and gas industry in its disclosure practices.”
Fire, Pennway Corp., Croydon, Pennsylvania
December 21, 2021
Powder ignited inside an industrial dryer machine that was described as being the size of a room. The fire was put out without any injuries reported. Pennway’s website states that the company is involved in industrial finishing such as powder coating, liquid paint, and chromate conversion.
Gas pipeline leak, shelter-in-place, ChevronPhillips Chemical, Port Arthur, Texas
December 16, 2021
A leak in a gas pipeline forced students and residents within one-mile to shelter-in-place. Local highways were also closed. Chevron Phillips described the leak as “a small product release from a raw pyrolysis gasoline pipeline undergoing maintenance.” Greater than threshold quantities of regulated flammable mixtures at the plant include methane, hydrogen, ethylene, ethane, propylene, propane, butenes, butanes, 1,3-butadiene, pentenes, and pentanes.
Oil Well Fire, Terra Energy Partners, New Castle, Colorado
December 9, 2021
A passerby on I-70 reported an oil well fire to authorities. “The fire involved a tank holding condensate, which consists of hydrocarbon liquids produced along with natural gas.” No injuries were reported and the fire was quickly controlled.
Fire, Schnitzer Northeast Recycling, Everett, Massachusetts
December 8, 2021
Hazmat teams were called in to address a fire in a building used to shred whole cars. The blaze sent a huge gray cloud of smoke over the suburban area near Boston. Although it was reported that “Environmental officials worked under the assumption that the fire involved plastics produced in the shredding process” it was also reported that air samples that were collected showed “no detections of contaminants at any levels of concern." Schnitzer operates over 100 recycling facilities throughout the US and Canada.
Chlorine leak injures five, T & T Recycling, Hurst Illinois
December 6, 2021
Five people were hospitalized in serious condition when a tank they were cutting for scrap, which they assumed to be empty, exploded and released chlorine gas. The Williamson County Sheriff’s Office is investigating the incident.
Chemical fire, leak, relocations, Virgin Scent Incorporated dba ArtNaturals and Day to Day Imports Incorporated warehouse, Carson California
September 30, 2021 to December 2021 (ongoing)
A fire on September 30, 2021 at a warehouse storing beauty supplies and wellness products lead to the ongoing leakage of hazardous chemicals into the Dominguez Channel, for months,. The leak caused a nauseating stench that forced thousands of local residents to be relocated.
“Following the fire, chemicals from the stored products, including ethanol, passed through the city's sewer system and into the Dominguez Channel, causing elevated levels of hydrogen sulfide to be emitted into the air, the investigation found. At one point, the hydrogen sulfide levels in the local waterway were about 230 times higher than California's nuisance standard,” according to a news report. The warehouse is owned by Liberty Properties Ltd, whose parent company is Prologis. In December 2021, the South Coast Air Quality Management District issued notices of violations.
Hydrochloric acid cloud, shelter-in-place, MPW Industrial Services cleaning company, Sedalia, Missouri
December 3, 2021
A leak of hydrochloric acid from a tank force forced local residents and businesses to shelter in place. According to its website, the company provides “industrial cleaning, water treatment, facility management, environmental management and container management services.”
Seven workers overcome by cleaning fumes, Dean Foods, Harvard, Illinois
December 1, 2021
Seven workers were transported to a hospital after reporting respiratory distress. It was reported that a worker had mixed cleaning chemicals causing a hazardous situation. Dean Foods processes dairy products, such as milk, cottage cheese and ice cream.
Explosion/Fire, Cleveland Cliffs Steel Mills, Burnt Harbor, Indiana
November 30, 2021
A “massive” explosion at a slag pit at a steel mill caused shook local homes and shops. “The local fire crew plus others from nearby jurisdictions, as well as the plant, raced out to the slag pit. It took about two hours to extinguish numerous fires that flared in the 90,000 square foot space. Silica in the slag contacting moisture resulted in a chemical reaction and explosion,” according to a local report.
Fire, The WestRock Paper and Packaging Company cardboard plant, Columbus, Indiana
November 30, 2021
A fire started in three machines used to collect and chip cardboard. The machines were damaged but no injuries were reported.
Fusion Worldwide electronics warehouse incident, two injuries, Haverhill, Massachusetts
November 30, 2021
A container of hazardous cleaning chemicals broke, causing eye and burn injuries. The building was evacuated while the hazardous material was contained. Fusion Worldwide is a global distributor of electronics supplies.
Drinking water contamination and relocations, Naval Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Honolulu, Hawaii
November 28, 2021
Hundreds of military families complained of contaminated water at their residences resulting in the Hawaii Department of Health advising residents and local schools to avoid the tap water. Residents had “found the tap water had an oily sheen and smelled like fuel on Nov. 28.” The Navy initially denied that there was any fuel t in the water but eventually confirmed the presence of petroleum products. “The military provided resources for families while investigating the claims and testing water, but the Blue Star Families organization is working to help the families relocate via donations and making use of contacts on the ground in Hawaii.” On December 8th, it was reported that “the Navy said it said it would stop operations at fuel storage tanks above a Hawaii aquifer until it had completed an investigation into how petroleum got into the drinking water.” The Navy had reported 920 parts per billion (ppb) of petroleum in the water; the limit is 400 ppb.
Fire, Repcon Inc. construction services, Corpus Christi, Texas
November 27, 2021
A fire at the plant, which was vacant at the time, caused damage to a building and maintenance shop before it was extinguished. The cause of the blaze was under investigation. A transformer was seen giving off sparks shortly before the fire was reported. According to its website, Repcon provides “maintenance and construction services to the refining, chemical, and petrochemical industries.”
Ammonia leak, Desert Gold Food Company, Las Vegas
November 27, 2021
Several streets around the facility in downtown Las Vegas were shut down while a hazmat crew spent three hours containing an ammonia leak. The plant was closed at the time of the incident.
Fire, North Augusta’s Material Recovery Facility, North Augusta, South Carolina
November 25, 2021
A fire at the facility burned for more than 24 hours before being contained. As a result of the fire, materials picked up for recycling are instead being diverted to the Three Rivers Landfill for disposal. "In the interim, we don't have another alternative, so we will be commingling recyclables with garbage for disposal with the Three Rivers Landfill," said Aiken City Manager Stuart Bedenbaugh.
Explosion and Fire, Toledo Refinery, Oregon, Ohio
November 23, 2021
An explosion followed by a large fire at the refinery forced officials to close local roads although no evacuations were issued. Residents reported hearing a large explosion which was followed by a fire at the gasoline processing unit. There were no reported injuries.
Two injuries, ammonia leak, Paulo thermal processing plant, St. Louis, Missouri
November 23, 2021
Two firefighters and another individual were burned by ammonia vapors from a leaking valve that they were attempting to shut down. The individuals sustained minor injuries and local businesses were evacuated until the ammonia dissipated. Paulo is a heat treating and metal finishing company.
Fire, “commercial building”, Houston Texas
November 22, 2021
A three alarm fire at a Houston warehouse may have involved stored solvents, according to
Assistant Chief Ruy Lozano. The warehouse is in a residential neighborhood, which was placed in precautionary shelter-in-place.
Chemical Fire, CHS Agricultural Center, Pocahontas, Illinois
November 21, 2021
“Sulfur-containing” chemicals being stored in a concrete bin caught fire at a farmer owned cooperative. The incident closed Illinois Route 140 for several hours. The fire was contained to the bin and no injuries were reported.
Chlorine leak, Winchester Water Plant, Winchester, Tennessee
November 21, 2021
Hazmat crews contained chlorine that was leaking from a gas cylinder. No injuries were reported and no chlorine was released outside the building.
Chemical release, Zeon Chemical Plant, Louisville, Kentucky
November 19, 2021
About 10 pounds of 1,3-Butadiene were emitted from a chemical plant during a 3 minute long incident. Hazmat crews were alerted, but local residents were determined not to be in danger. The same facility was responsible for a 2017 release of 701 pounds of 1.3-Butadiene and fined $2,000.. One resident of Rubbertown, Glen James, told reporters, “It’s really scary, because you never ever really know what they’re actually doing around there. “The smell is so bad. As for other things, I am worried about the groundwater.” Zeon manufactures heat-resistant and oil-resistant elastomers for the automotive and other industries.
One fatality, flash fire, Composite Modules, Attleboro, MA
November 15, 2021
A worker using toluene to clean equipment was severely burned and later died from his injuries. Toluene is highly flammable and volatile, but it is used often in the chemical industry as a cleaning agent for adhesives and paints.
Drum leak, Newell Rubbermaid, Maryville, Tennessee
November 12, 2021
A leaking drum at the property caused local evacuations, including that of a nearby High School and Elementary school. The chemical released was not identified. The incident was resolved within a few hours.
One fatality, “Flash explosion,” X-Fab, North Lubbock, Texas
November 12, 2021
A “flash explosion” killed a worker at a silicon wafer factory. Details about the cause were not reported. X-Fab manufactures silicon wafers for automotive, industrial, consumer, medical industries according to its website.
Junkyard Fire, Delaware Valley Recycling, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
November 10, 2021
A junkyard fire required the work of more than 100 firefighters to get under control. “At least six piles of tires and construction materials — some estimated to be six stories high — caught fire, said Philadelphia Fire Department Capt. Derek Bowmer,” reported the Philadelphia Inquirer. “Questions remain on how the fire started, the company involved, and the health impacts associated with the burned materials.”
Fire, Cenovus Refinery, Lima, Ohio
November 4, 2021
A fire in a unit at the 185,000 barrel a day refinery injured four workers. Cenovus did not reveal the cause of the fire. “The refinery is in the middle of a multi-unit turnaround, during which Cenovus employed non-union contractors, according to the local building trades union,” Reuters reported.
Fire, abandoned warehouse, Jennings, Missouri
October 28, 2021
A fire at an abandoned warehouse, which once was a bowling ball factory and also stored chemicals for Kodak, raged for hours. It was reported that the city of Jennings had taken control of the warehouse in 2018 and were aware of chemicals being stored in the building, but never took an inventory. The chemical blaze caused a local shopping mall to be evacuated, schools to be alerted to keep children indoors and nearby residents to be advised to shelter-in-place.
Fire, Eastern Metal Recycling, Coeymans, New York
October 27, 2021
A fire from a scrap heap adjacent to the Hudson River sent “chemical smelling” smoke into the surrounding area drawing criticisms from emergency responders and local citizens. The scrap yard addresses used cars, appliances and other scrap metal and it is believed that a spark from a battery in one of the cars ignited the flames, which were burning for hours.
Fire, Westlake Compounds, Gallman, Mississippi
October 22, 2021
A fire at a tower at the plastics compounding forced the plant to be evacuated and nearby roads were closed to traffic. Firefighters from six local units got the blaze contained and under control. The tower was storing mineral oil.
One fatality, Honeywell Geismar, Carville, Louisiana
October 21, 2021
“Jason DeRousselle, 51, died at Baton Rouge General Hospital after his exposure on Oct. 21 to hydrofluoric acid at the Honeywell Geismar complex in Carville,” reported the Baton Rouge Advocate. The Honeywell plant produces fluorochemicals used in plastics and air conditioning.
Toluene diisocyanate exposure, BASF, Geismar, Louisiana
October 21, 2021
Less than a week after a worker died from exposure to nitrogen gas at BASF in Geismar, another worker was hospitalized after being exposed to toluene diisocyanate (TDI) at the same facility. TDI is used in polyurethane plastics.
Fire and Chemical Spill, Hiwassee Machine and Fabrication, Dayton, Tennessee
October 20, 2021
A fire at the facility, which processes chlorine tablets, caused hazmat crews and local hospitals to go on alert. Some local businesses and a nearby rail station were evacuated.
Noxious fumes, Mountaire Farms, Robeson County, North Carolina
October 19, 2021
Workers have quit over an odor permeating the poultry plants, which is described as “a sharp, suffocating kind of odor” with one worker saying it felt like it “invaded your brain.” Workers say that the company refuses to identify the chemical involved, which was introduced in the facility about 4 months prior.
One fatality, BASF, Geismar, Louisiana
October 15, 2021
“Dexter Armstead, 48, died at Our Lady of the Lake Regional Medical Center one day after the suspected nitrogen exposure on Oct. 15 at BASF's Geismar complex off La. 30,” reported the Baton Rouge Advocate. A second employee who was also exposed to the chemical was released from the hospital after an evaluation. The Geismar plant produces industrial chemicals including chlorobenzene, ethylene and formaldehyde.
Ammonia leak, Smithfield Food, St. James, Minnesota
October 11, 2021
Hazmat teams responded to a leak of anhydrous ammonia and some residents voluntarily evacuated their homes.
Chemical spill, Roller Die and Forming, Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia
October 11, 2021
The spill of “an ammonia based chemical” sent one employee to the hospital for chemical exposure. The facility produces fabricated metal parts.
Chemical explosion, Pentagon Technologies Group, Portland, Oregon
October 8, 2021
One person was injured after a chemical reaction caused a drum to explode. The incident is under investigation. Pentagon Technologies Group provides clean room supplies used in the manufacturing of semiconductor equipment.
Oil spill, Marathon Galveston Bay Refinery, Texas City, Texas
October 6, 2021
A pump seal failed causing an unreported amount of oil to leak. The leak was contained at the facility. Air monitoring was deployed for the area. Although the company did not disclose the amount of oil that had leaked, video from a SkyEye reportedly “showed a large amount of fluid spewing from a large tank at the site.”
Cyclohexane Inhalation incident, Ascend Performance Materials, Cantonment, Florida
October 5, 2021
Two employees were transported to the hospital after accidentally inhaling cyclohexane. According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), inhalation of cyclohexane can cause skin, eye and respiratory irritation, drowsiness, narcosis and coma.
Hazardous liquid leak, Old Dominion Freight, Central Point, Oregon
October 4, 2021
Hazmat teams were called in and the building was evacuated after employees witnessed an unknown liquid leaking from one of the company’s freight trucks. “Inside the trucks, there is a bunch of different chemicals in there, and until we can identify what it is, we have to be really cautious about how we approach it,” Jason John, a battalion chief with the local fire department was reported saying.
Antifreeze leak, Taconic Biosciences, Catskill, New York
October 1, 20218
The building was evacuated after reports of a chemical odor in the building which left several employees feeling ill. Firefighters traced the odor to antifreeze leaking from a boiler. The building was ventilated and reopened.
One fatality, JBS Foods, Greeley, Colorado
September 29, 2021
JBS, the world’s world's largest meat supplier, was facing fines of $59,000 for a March 2021 incident in which a worker who was trying to install equipment fell to his death into a vat of chemicals used to process animal hides. OSHA determined that JBS and its affiliate Swift Beef were responsible for eight safety violations including failure to secure equipment. According to the Greely Tribute: “JBS last month was cited several times and fined $175,000 in relation to incidents where a worker’s arm had to be amputated, a second who was lacerated while removing hides and a third exposed to a thermal burn hazard.”
Chemical leak, Shearer’s Foods, Hermiston, Oregon
September 27, 2021
Three employees were hospitalized after a chemical leak at the food processing facility. The chemical’s identity was not reported.
Wastewater discharge, Back River Wastewater Treatment Plant, Essex, Maryland
September 27, 2021
A 5,000 gallon tank sprung a leak spilling 2,500 gallons of sodium bisulfite into a holding tank at the site. Some employees were evacuated or quarantined before hazmat crews got the leak under control. Sodium bisulfite is used to remove chlorine from wastewater. Exposure can cause irritations to skin, eyes and lungs.
Discharge, US Steel Midwest Plant, Indiana
September 27, 2021
A “rusty colored” water discharge from a steel plant caused beaches at the Indiana Dunes National Park to be closed. The plant was also closed as a precaution. "An investigation is underway to determine the nature and extent of the discharge," a company spokesman told reporters. The latest incident comes weeks after the company agreed to pay $1 million for a 300 pound leak of hexavalent chromium into a local waterway. “Since then, the plant has had at least seven other water violations.’
Six Injured in Explosion, Westlake Chemical, Sulphur, Louisiana
September 28, 2021
An explosion, which occurred during maintenance of a petrochemical cracker near Lake Charles. Six contract workers were injured. The unit of plant where the explosion occurred produces ethylene for the plastics industry. Cause of the incident was under investigation.
Anhydrous ammonia leak, Arkansas Gravel Company, Hampton, Arkansas
September 25, 2021
Digging equipment ruptured a pipeline containing ammonia and caused the evacuation of 180 residents who live downwind of the quarry.
Fire, Vantage Chemicals, Gurnee, Illinois
September 19, 2021
One employee was injured trying to extinguish the fire which reportedly started in the exhaust stacks of an oil boiler.. Vantage’s Gurnee plant produces silicone release & wetting agents, surfactants, emulsifiers, lubricants, rust inhibitors & organic fermentation defoamers. It uses the carcinogen, ethylene oxide, in this production and was subject of a 2021 investigation by The Intercept’s Sharon Lerner.
Hydrochloric acid leak, Venator Mineral Research, Freeport, Texas
September 16, 2021
A leak of hydrochloric acid in a pigment processing plant’s rail yard resulted in a shelter in place for residents in parts of Freeport and all of Quintana. "’We were alerted that a rail car at the Mineral Research facility had some type of spill, some type of acid,’ Freeport Mayor Brooks Bass said. "It was a spill, and in our mind, it was significant.” The cause of the leak is under investigation. Venator spun off from Huntsman Corporation in 2020.
Two fatalities, Fayetteville Valley Proteins, Fayetteville, North Carolina
September 13, 2021
An animal waste processing plant was evacuated and hazmat teams were called in after two employees were found unresponsive. The two later died. Valley Proteins “provides services for the collection, rendering and recycling of animal processing and supermarket waste streams (fat and bone trimmings; meat/poultry waste) and restaurant used cooking oil,” according to a local report. The company had been under investigations for potential OSHA violations. The state labor department is investigating the latest incident.
Fire, JBS USA meat packing plant, Grand Island, Nebraska
September 13, 2021
A five-alarm fire at the rendering unit of the beef production company raged for more than 12 hours before being extinguished. The meat packing plant has the capacity to render 1.2 million head of cattle per year. It was the site of a Covid-19 outbreak - 237 people fell ill - in April 2020.
Ammonia leak, Tyson Foods, Goodlettsville, Tennessee
September 5, 2021
A “large ammonia leak” led to a shelter-in-place advisory for residents near the plant while officials evacuated the building. A nearby RV Resort Campground also was evacuated. and portions of Interstate 65, Highway 41 and the CSX rail yard next to the plant were shut down.
This poultry plant was the site of a Covid-19 outbreak - 345 people fell ill - in May 2020.
Ammonia leak, Solario and Sons, Bakersfield, California
September 3, 2021
A fire at the cold storage facility resulted in a chemical leak that forced the evacuation of about 15 local residents, most of whom were children.
Molten Steel Spill, Steel of West Virginia, Huntington, West Virginia
September 1, 2021
A fire at the facility caused several buildings to be compromised. “Hot molten steel had somehow gotten out of the container” injuring one employee, according to the Huntington Herald Dispatch. Firefighters were called in to cool the area so the “steel was no longer a threat”. The cause of the fire was not reported.
Unknown chemical combination causes shelter-in-place order, IDC Warehouse, Pasadena, Texas
August 31, 2021
Workers at nearby industrial sites were ordered to shelter-in-place after a chemical incident at a warehouse. According to news reports an oil based cleaner was accidentally mixed with some unknown chemicals at the warehouse causing a reaction. According to the import/export database Datamyne, IDC Pasadena accepts imports from chemical companies such as Albemarle Catalysts, Gadiv Petrochemical, and SI Group Fine Petrochemicals.
Chemical fire, DeWitt Products Co., Detroit, Michigan
August 30, 2021
DeWitt “makes material that waterproofs roofs and driveways. Chemicals used in that process provided fuel for the flames, officials with the Detroit Fire Department said,” according to a local report. The blaze burned the building down.
Petrochemical releases related to Hurricane Ida, southeast Louisiana
August 29 to September 12, 2021
At least six petrochemical facilities in southeast Louisiana reported chemical incidents during and after Hurricane Ida. The U.S. Coast Guard’s National Response Center lists reports from: CF Industries, Donaldsonville; Cornerstone Chemical, Waggaman; ExxonMobil, Baton Rouge; Mosaic Fertilizer, St. James; Shell, Norco; and, Shintech, Plaquemine. Shell’s releases continued at least through September 12, 2021. Further details are available in a Coming Clean special report, Unprepared for Disaster: Chemical Hazards in the Wake of Hurricane Ida.
Gasoline spill, Ford Motor Company, Flat Rock, Michigan
August 25 to September 23, 2021
“The Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes and Energy (EGLE) says between 1,000 and 3,000 gallons of unleaded fuel from the Ford plant entered the city sewer this week, creating hazardous vapors that resulted in evacuation of 10 homes and a school, the River Heights Academy.” The hazardous vapors were reported to contain high levels of benzene. As of September 6, 2021: "Authorities said it could take weeks for response teams to determine how widespread the exposure is and when it will be safe for residents to return home." Ford has started "a million dollar reimbursement fund for evacuated and displaced families." On September 7, Flat Rock announced it was cancelling its Riverfest, which was to be held September 10-11 because of the incident. Ford eventually decided to stop production at its Mustang plant, the site of the fuel leak. After three weeks, residents were cleared to return to their homes.
Hydrochloric Acid leak, Ajinomoto Animal Nutrition, Eddyville, Iowa
Aug. 25, 2021
Residents were asked to shelter in place and local schools experienced 2-hour delayed openings after 8,520 gallons of hydrochloric acid leaked from a storage tank. The leak was directed to a containment area and pumped out. The facility makes feed grain for farm animals.
Chemical leak, Produce Connection Warehouse, Wakefield, Massachusetts
Aug. 23, 2021
Three workers were taken to the hospital and a food warehouse was evacuated after a cleaning solution leaked from a machine used to clean organic fruits and vegetables.
Fire, Washington Cold Storage Puyallup Washington
Aug. 22, 2021
Residents were evacuated within a mile of the facility after it was revealed that the cold storage plant contained 1,000 pounds of anhydrous ammonia. Reverse 911 calls were aided by police and residents going door to door to alert people. However, residents were concerned about the lack of a uniform alert system.
Ammonia leak, Performance Foodservice Henrico, Virginia
August 19, 2021
A foodservice company was evacuated for four hours while hazmat teams ventilated ammonia from the building.
“Unknown Acid” spill, Tradebe Recycling, Meriden, Connecticut
August 16, 2021
Several drums leaked what was believed to be a combination of hydrochloric acid, nitric acid and chromium, leading to the closure of local roads and the suggestion to shelter-in-place or evacuate. The leaked acid caused severe damage to the floor of a trailer truck . Sixteen damaged drums had to be removed and “several thousand gallons” of water was reported to be contaminated and needed to be addressed by a pump truck.
Mercaptan leak, Lubrizol, La Porte, Texas.
August 16, 2021
County officials issued a shelter-in-place warning and suggested use of face masks after a chemical leak at the facility led local residents to complain of headaches, nausea and sore throats.
Fire, Behr Iron & Metal Recycling Center, South Beloit, Wisconsin
August 15, 2021
According to a local report, “Firefighters say a chemical reaction from by-products of the shredding of vehicles the center receives started the fire. Crews used a thousand gallons of water to contain the flames. No damage was reportedly caused to the building.”
Sulphur dioxide release, Chevron Refinery, Richmond, California
August 11, 2021
An unplanned release at the refinery emitted an unknown amount of sulphur dioxide into the atmosphere and warranted a warning for the surrounding community. According to KALW Public Media, “In 2012, billowing smoke associated with flares from a refinery fire forced thousands of people to seek medical treatment and led to a protracted legal fight with the city. Three years ago, the City of Richmond agreed to a $5 million settlement in the case.”
One fatality, chemical exposure, Daikin America, Decatur, Alabama
August 10, 2021
Wesley Rusk, a 20-year veteran of the company, died a little more than a month after a chemical exposure at the Decatur facility. Although Daikin did not reveal the chemical involved in the incident or whether other workers were affected, Rusk’s widow reported, “Per the doctors report, based off the chemical sheet Daikin sent to Vandy [Vanderbilt Medical Center], and all the research they have done on those chemicals after looking at his CT scans, they determined it to be sulfur dioxide.” Daikin manufactures fluoropolymer coatings for use in food and textiles. Daikin was also reported to be under an investigation by OSHA for an incident in 2019 in which another employee died after allegedly being exposed to a chemical.
Chemical reaction, JM Smucker Company, Lexington, Kentucky
August 9, 2021
Two unnamed chemicals were accidentally mixed at the facility manufacturing the company’s Jif peanut butter causing the plant to be evacuated and local roadways shut down. No injuries were reported. Powder Bulk and Solids has recorded additional incidents over the years. It reports, “in June 2020 that a small blaze broke out in equipment and ductwork in J.M. Smucker’s Jif plant in Lexington. Several other fires have ignited in the facility in recent years. Two peanut roasting machines were damaged in a fire in January 2014. The plant’s sprinkler system doused a blaze that broke out in November 2012. A small silo explosion occurred at the site in early 2007.”
Dicyclopentadiene (DCPD) spill, Texmark, Galena, Texas
August 5, 2021
The company reported that about 100 gallons of DCPD were spilled, some of which entered into the local Panther Creek, but posed no threats to the public. DCPD is a respiratory irritant and is used to manufacture paints and varnishes. It is also used as an “intermediate in insecticides and as a flame retardant in plastics.”
Fire, Oklahoma Tire Recycling, Bristow, Oklahoma
August 1, 2021
Vulnerable people were advised to stay indoors while a fire at the tire recycling facility was allowed to burn itself. "When a tire fire occurs, the tires break down into compounds that are hazardous to human health and the environment, generally including: caustic gases, heavy metals and various hydrocarbons associated with the oil and other chemical feedstock used to produce the tires," said the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality.”
Fire, National Salvage and Services Corp., Selma, Alabama
August 1 to 13, 2021
A lightning strike was believed to have set off a “huge” fire at the facility, which recycles railroad ties. “The company yard at Burnsville typically holds “thousands upon thousands” of chemically treated railroad ties that are ground up and used for fuel, primarily in industrial boilers.” The ties contain creosote, as well as other chemical preservatives that are considered health risks. The blaze smoldered for weeks.
Explosion, Valley Milk Products, Strasburg, VA
July 30, 2021
Hazardous materials crews were called in and local streets were blocked after a boiler explosion blew out a wall at the factory, releasing a strong smell of ammonia.
Hazmat situation, Waste Management Recycling, Sun Valley, CA
July 29, 2021
A hazmat team evacuated 39 employees over concerns of a potential exposure to an unnamed chemical. No further information available as of August 6, 2021.
Oil well fire, Petro-Hunt oil pad, Bismarck, North Dakota
July 23 - Aug. 7, 2021
Two ruptured wells in an oil pad burned for 16 days before being extinguished. A third oil well in the same pad was extinguished after 12 days. The well pad is owned by Petro-Hunt. The cause of the fire was under investigation.
“Juice Waste” Runoff, Coca-Cola, Northampton, Massachusetts
March to April 2021
A corroded pipeline at the bottling company caused “juice waste” to leak into the Connecticut River for at least 22 days. The composition of the juice waste was not reported. The plant bottles non-carbonated beverages for the company, such as Minute Maid, Powerade, Honest Tea and Vitaminwater. “The liquid flowing from Coca Cola North America was observed to have a yellow color, had a strong sweet, ripe odor and produced a white foam when shaken,” the Northampton Department of Public Work violation notices read. “The area below the outfall was coated with a gray benthic (algae or bacteria) growth which indicates the discharge has been occurring for an extended period of time.”
Fire, Nature’s Best Ag Service, Albany Minnesota
July 22, 2021
A fertilizer distribution center caught fire in the early morning. The building was successfully evacuated and the fire put out, with no injuries. The cause of the fire is under investigation.
Liquid Nitrogen Explosion at Dippin’ Dots, Paducah, Kentucky
July 22, 2021
Ten employees were hospitalized after an explosion of liquid nitrogen. The facility makes the ingredients for Dippin’ Dots. The explosion remains under investigation.
Hydroxyethyl acrylate leak, Dow Chemical, La Porte, Texas
July 21, 2021
The release of the chemical, which is used in coatings and adhesives, forced the evacuation of businesses, homes and a school within a half mile radius of the facility as well as a shelter-in-place order for outside the evacuated area. Hydroxyethyl acrylate can cause eye and nose irritations. Officials also worried about the threat of a potential explosion.
Fire, Premium PPE, Amherst, NY
July 20, 2021
Multiple fire companies were called in to fight the blaze which broke out at a facility that manufactures masks and other personal protective gear. Concern over industrial chemicals in the building caused a recommendation that local businesses, residences and roadways be evacuated.
Chemical fire, Olin Epoxy, Roberta, Georgia
July 15, 2021
A shelter-in-place order was issued after a structural fire at the facility spread to a tank of epoxy resin, fueling the fire further and releasing toxic smoke. "An incorrect reaction is taking place in the tank, causing it to heat up, and then we have the release again, and we're waiting for everything to cool back down," said Rick Sharon, an emergency management official.
Fire, Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. Conshohocken, Pennsylvania
July 14, 2021
An early morning fire broke out at the facility, which refines crude coal tar to make asphalt. “Officials said a small fire started in a boiler room, then spread to a large tank holding coal tar or creosote,” according to a local report.
Ammonia leak, Duluth Curling Club, Duluth, Minnesota
July 13, 2021
A leak of anhydrous ammonia from a curling club’s refrigeration unit forced the closure and evacuation of the club as well as local venues such as the Marcus Duluth Cinemas and Pioneer Hall, in addition to local road closures.
Anhydrous ammonia leak, Diamond Ice, Southington, Connecticut
July 11, 2021
A shelter-in-place order was put out for the area after residents called 911 complaining about a strong noxious odor coming from an ice factory. Firefighters used thermal imaging cameras to locate the plume and contain it.
Fire, Summit Lubricants, Batavia, NY
July 10, 2021
According to a news source, “Large barrels spilled and heated up which led to an explosion and fire at the plant.” The building was reported to be empty at the time.
Fire, Renosol Corporation, Portsmouth Township, Michigan
July 9, 2021
A large fire at a plastics molding facility released smoke and odors that caused local homes to be evacuated. Renosol molds polyurethane, which when set on fire can release toxic gases. Local residents were told the smoke was not toxic and were allowed to return to their homes.
Hazardous fumes, Coventa Metals, Morrisville, Pennsylvania
July 7, 2021
Hazmat crews were called in after workers at the recycling facility sprayed a cloud of aluminum dross, a hazardous waste product of aluminum processing, with water causing hazardous fumes.
1,4 -Dioxane contaminated drinking water, Pittsboro, North Carolina
July 7, 2021
The City of Greensboro’s TZ Osborne Wastewater Treatment Plant released 20 times the EPA recommendations of 1,4-dioxane into a tributary of the Haw River, forcing the city of Pittsboro to shut down water intake. The event, which violated a Special Order by Consent (SOC). The source of the 1,4-dioxane is under investigation.“That Greensboro or whoever’s responsible for it there didn’t notify the general public down here is just appalling,” Sally Bassett, a Pittsboro resident, told the News + Record. “It’s just alarming to me that they’re getting away with this.” In 2019 it had been discovered that Shamrock Environmental, a waste management company, had been dumping excessive amounts of 1,4-Dioxane into the Haw River prompting the implementation of the SOC.
Ammonia leak, Crystal Geyser Water, East Bakersfield, California
July 6, 2021
An ammonia leak forced evacuation of a water bottling facility and several surrounding apartment buildings. Workers isolated the leak and contained it.
Ammonia leak, State Heat Treating Company, Wyoming, Michigan
July 6, 2021
An estimated 300 to 500 gallons of vaporized ammonia leaked and prompted a shelter-in-place for local residents. Hazmat crews contained the leak at the facility, which chemically treats metals used by the medical, military and automotive industries.
Fire, Faurecia Interior Systems, Saline, Michigan
June 29, 2021
An electrical transformer on the roof of the plant, which manufactures plastic automotive door panels and dashboards, malfunctioned causing a fire that was contained in an equipment room. Faurecia is one of the world’s largest automotive parts suppliers.
Two fatalities in a gas line explosion, Atmos Energy, Farmersville, TX
June 29, 2021
Two contract workers were killed and two others were hospitalized when a natural gas line exploded. Skylah Spradlin, whose home borders the field where the pipeline exploded said, “I'm just very thankful that it didn't explode my whole neighborhood because that's always been one of my fears."
Fire, Westlake Chemical, Sulphur, Louisiana
June 25, 2021
Lube oil from a compressor caught fire in the company’s Petro 1 Unit, causing the release of heavy black smoke. According to the company there were no injuries and no chemical releases. “This should be in the clear, you are probably gonna see flares; but those people shouldn’t feel alarmed, you see those all the time,” Dick Gremillion, head of Calcasieu Parish’s Emergency Preparedness was reported as saying.
Gas leak, Daylight Petroleum, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana
June 24, 2021
Firefighters contained a gas leak following a wellhead failure. Three homes were evacuated and a roadway was closed to traffic.
Fire, CRC Chrome Meridian, Connecticut
June 21, 2021
Two employees of a chrome plating plant were hospitalized with burns after lacquer they had introduced to a heating tank caused a reaction sending the material to overflow the tank and set the roof on fire. “Fire officials said there are numerous chemicals located inside the building. This is why crews are being cautious about the use of water while fighting the fire,” according to a local report.
Explosion, four-alarm fire, Chemtool, Rockton, Illinois
June 14, 2021
A massive explosion and fire at the Chemtool plant, which produces grease and lubricating oils, caused over 1,500 nearby residents to be evacuated. A firefighter was injured but not seriously. “Officials say it’s possible chemicals like lead, antifreeze, nitrogen and sulfuric acid could be burning in the fire.” People within 3 miles of the explosion were asked to wear masks. The EPA is monitoring air quality. According to ABC7Chicago “Just 25 days before the massive chemical fire, inspectors from the U.S. Labor Department's Occupational Health and Safety Administration showed up at Chemtool to investigate a complaint.” Details of the complaint were not reported. Chemtool is a subsidiary of Lubrizol, a specialty chemical manufacturer owned by Berkshire Hathaway.
Hydrochloric acid spill, Tsubaki Automotive, Chicopee, Massachusetts
June 11, 2021
A hydrochloric acid spill sent one employee of an automotive equipment manufacturing plant to the hospital.
Chemical fire, PCI Synthesis Newburyport Massachusetts
June 11, 2021
An early morning chemical fire at a pharmaceutical drug manufacturing plant caused heavy smoke to be emitted from the facility. The same facility was the location of explosions and a fire in Feb. 2020. In 2019 the EPA fined PCI Synthesis $200,000 for hazardous waste violations and in 2015 the company was fined by OSHA for “serious violations” involving 23 people. For the most recent incident the city of Newburyport suspended all of the company’s permits, shutting it down until an investigation is conducted. The French pharmaceutical firm Seqens SAS owns PCI Synthesis.
Fire/Hydrochloric acid spill, Dover Chemical, Dover, Ohio
June 11, 2021
An early morning fire at a chemical plant led to a rapid shutdown of the facility. The shut down caused the leakage of hydrochloric acid. Local roadways were closed and a shelter-in-place was issued for nearby residents. As of June 14, no cause was given for the incident. Dover Chemical manufactures alkylphenols, chlorinated paraffins, liquid and solid antioxidants, and other polymer additives.
Acid spill, Senior Aerospace, Burbank, California
June 9, 2021
Employees were forced to flee from the metal fabrication facility after an acid spill was mixed with water.
Fire, Crestone Peak Resources oil well, Bennett, Colorado
June 5, 2021
A fire at a fracking site closed down portions of local roadways. The Arapahoe County Sheriff's Office reported “They’ve taken steps to mitigate the chemicals to reduce the risk to firefighters. They’re about to go in w/foam trucks. Drone video shows 2 pump trucks have burned so far, a 3rd is on fire.” The Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission fined Crestone fined $186,544 in 2020 for four infractions. Five contractors were injured in a fire at another Colorado facility operated by the company in 2019. The June 5, 2021 fire raged for six hours and sent a plume of black smoke that could be spotted for miles.
Evacuation/Shelter-in-place, Wood River, Illinois
June 3, 2021
Railcars containing spent sulphuric acid from a Phillips 66 refinery became overpressurized and began venting the chemical in the area of Wood River, Illinois. Over 430 homes and businesses were evacuated.
Refrigerant leak, Longview Waste Control recycling facility, Longview, Washington
May 26, 2021
The waste control building was evacuated and temporarily closed after a leak of an unknown chemical caused eye and other irritations among employees. Employees located the source of the leak and removed it before fire crews arrived. It is suspected that the chemical is some sort of refrigerant.
Chemical Leak, Allied Universal, Palmetto, Florida
May 26, 2021
A leak of caustic liquid at the plant, which produces water treatment chemicals, sent one worker to the hospital with chemical burns. A second worker, also suffering from burns, drove himself to an urgent care facility.
Fire, Akron Coating and Adhesives Inc., Akron, Ohio
May 24, 2021
Hazmat crews were called in after a fire was reported at the facility, which provides “industrial adhesives and technically challenging and precise compounding, adhesive coating, die cutting, printing, and packaging,” according to the company website. Residential homes were evacuated for a half a block from the facility. Fire Lieutenant Sierjie Lash was reported saying, "We've got it under control, but we have not gone in due to the nature of the chemicals inside." She did not have information on the specific chemicals or quantities involved in the fire.
Fluoride spill, Alabaster Water, Alabaster, Alabama
May 18, 2021
The company reported that approximately 1,500 gallons of fluoride spilled when a tank broke while being fixed for a slow leak. “Alabaster Water reported that no one was injured during the break, and the majority of the fluoride spilled into a secondary containment structure. A very small amount of the chemical sprayed out through a crack in the pipe, but was safely removed,” according to a Shelby County Reporter story.
Fire, Chevron refinery, Richmond, California
May 14, 2021
A fire broke out at the 245,271 barrel a day facility. A spokesperson from the Contra Costa Health Services was reported to have “determined the refinery fire did not approach “action levels” for contaminants of concern, and believed that the “community should not have been adversely impacted” by the incident.
Chemical leak, one hospitalized, Solenis chemical plant, Chicopee, Massachusetts
May 13, 2021
One employee was hospitalized after the spill of an unidentified chemical at the facility, which is a specialty chemical producer and water treatment company.
Worker overcome by argon gas, Amcor food packaging plant, Saylor Township, Iowa
May 12, 2021
Hazmat crews rescued a worker who was overcome by fumes while in a 10-foot pit at the plant, which produces packaging for the food, personal care and medical industries. While losing consciousness the worker fell off a ladder injuring his head.
Nitric acid leak, two hospitalized, Linamar, Arden, NC
May 12, 2021
55 gallons of nitric acid were released onto two workers. The workers were hospitalized with chemical burns. Linamar provides power systems for commercial vehicles and industry.
Nitroethane release, Eco Services, Baton Rouge, Louisiana
May 6, 2021
A pipeline burst releasing nitroethane vapor which was brought under control. A few hours later a second pipe burst resulting in another vapor release of the chemical. Employees were told to shelter-in-place and no injuries were reported. Exposure to nitroethane can cause headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea and vomiting. It is also an explosion hazard. The facility operates two sulfuric acid regeneration units that use virgin sulfur, spent sulfuric acid, and other sulfur-bearing materials to make sulfuric acid. The units are also RCRA Part B permitted facilities, allowing the furnaces to be fueled by a mixture of natural gas and hazardous waste derived fuel.
Hydrofluoric acid injures worker, Diamond Chemical, East Rutherford, New Jersey
May 6, 2021
A worker was severely burned when he was splashed with hydrofluoric acid while hooking up a hose line. His injuries included inhalation burns. Diamond Chemical produces industrial and institutional cleaning and sanitizing products.
Hydrogen fluoride leak, Marathon Oil, Texas City, Texas
May 4, 2021
An undetermined amount of hydrogen fluoride was released from the pipes near the alkylation unit of the oil refinery resulting in the hospitalization of two workers and a shelter-in-place order for local residents and employees. Inhalation of hydrogen fluoride can lead to severe health problems and even death. Both employees were expected to recover. The facility makes fuel and petrochemicals. It uses hydrofluoric acid as a catalyst to produce high-quality gasoline blending components.
Noxious fumes, New Indy Containerboard paper mill, Catawba, South Carolina
May 3, 2021
While under EPA investigation for “a strong, rotten odor affecting thousands of people in the region,” the company requested an allowance to increase its emissions limits by 47 percent. The EPA was reported to have believed hydrogen sulfide to be the source of the odor and is monitoring levels in the region. In April, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) called the New Indy Containerboard paper mill a “significant contributor” to thousands of odor complaints in York and Lancaster county in recent months.
Noxious odor, ZOLL Medical Corp/Bio-Dek Pawtucket, Rhode Island
April 29, 2021
Twenty employees were hospitalized after reports of a noxious odor in the facility, which produces medical parts and electrodes. Employees complained of trouble breathing and irritated eyes, noses and throats. The cause of the odor was not immediately known. According to news website Report Door “Employees of the facility, which was fined in 2018 for violating environmental controls, were instructed not to speak to reporters.”
Fire, Manor Chemical, St. Louis, Missouri
April 29, 2021
A firefighter was injured at a wholesale chemical distributor’s plant and officials evacuated residents within a half-mile radius. It was reported that up to 10 chemicals could have been involved in the fire, but the names of these chemicals were not released. According to the company website, Manor Chemicals stores and sells chemicals for cars, paint, printing, dry cleaning, and industrial manufacturing.
Hydrochloric acid leak, ChemArt, Lincoln, Rhode Island
April 27, 2021
Workers were evacuated after a pump valve malfunctioned when a tanker was delivering
hydrochloric acid to the facility. ChemArt produces jewelry, ornaments and other keepsakes.
Fire, T&R Chemicals, El Paso, Texas
April 26, 2021
Local residents reported hearing an explosion before a fire broke out at the facility,which produces “pine oil, dipentene and other derivatives, pine oil soap formulations, and other products” No injuries were reported and the cause of the fire is under investigation.
Suspected chemical leak, Newburg Egg, Woodbridge, New York
April 26, 2021
A suspected chemical leak at an egg processing plant led to nineteen injuries. Employees reported dizziness and shortness of breath.
Hydrogen Sulfide release, Limetree Bay Refinery, St. Croix, US Virgin Islands
April 24, 2021
Several local schools were evacuated while residents complained of headaches and other irritations after an overnight release of hydrogen sulfide exceeding EPA’s limitations caused a strong and troublesome odor throughout the nearby community. Local environmental groups said the prior EPA administration set lenient air pollution standards in a community of color, where 27% of residents live below the poverty line.
Explosion, ADA Carbon Solutions, Coushatta, Louisiana
April 23, 2021
Two workers were burned during an explosion and subsequent fire at the plant, which lasted several hours. However, according to Fire Chief Jeremy Neal he was “prohibited from providing detailed information about what happened because of a confidentiality contract signed by the previous fire chief. The contract, which he said other area fire districts also signed, prevents the fire district from talking about what goes on on ADA Carbon Solutions’ property.” ADA supplies activated carbon.
Fire, Organic Valley Creamery McMinnville, Oregon
April 20, 2021
A three-alarm fire at a creamery forced officials to evacuate residents within a half-mile radius. Authorities were concerned about potential leaks of anhydrous ammonia.
Fire, Domino Sugar Factory, Baltimore, Maryland
April 20, 2021
A three-alarm fire in the Domino “sugar shed” caused the building to partially collapse. The Domino plant, owned by American Sugar Refining Inc., was the site of an explosion in 2007. That incident was believed to be caused by a buildup of sugar dust. No serious injuries were reported in either incident.
PFAS foam spill, Kalamazoo/Battlecreek International Airport, Kalamazoo, Michigan
April 14, 2021
A spill of an unreported amount of PFAS firefighting foam at the airport caused authorities to improvise a fix to stop the leak by using zip-ties.
Sewage sludge discharge, York City Wastewater Treatment Plant, York, Pennsylvani
April 12, 2021
The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection announced it would issue a Notice of Violation the facility released an estimated 5,000 gallons of sludge on March 27, 2021. Additionally, it was reported, “On April 3, about one week after the sewage leak, an aged valve on a separate digester leaked a small amount of poisonous gas at the facility.” The gas was identified as hydrogen sulfide.
Yenkin-Majestic Paint’s OPC Polymer unit explosion, one fatality, nine injuries, Columbus, Ohio
April 8, 2021
One worker was killed and nine others injured after a massive explosion and fire caused the collapse of the company’s olefin polymer unit. Causes of the explosion were under investigation, but the Chemical Safety Board reported that “Materials stored onsite include maleic anhydride, phthalic anhydride, xylene, and mineral spirits.” OCP Polymers makes alkyd coatings for applications such as urethane topcoats. According to the Columbus Dispatch the OPC Polymers unit “was cited for 26 [OSHA] violations after a six-month investigation. Of the 26 violations, 25 were deemed serious — which is classified as "death or serious harm could result." One worker was electrocuted in an industrial accident in 2011.
Toxic chemical fire, K-Solv warehouse, Channelview, Texas
April 7, 2021
According to the chemical distribution company, K-Solv, a fire that burned for two hours was caused by the transfer of a mixture of toluene and naphtha into a container. The company reported that forty-one different chemicals burned in the fire, including trichloroethylene.
Radioactive phosphogypsum waste retention pond breach, HRK Holdings, Palmetto, Florida
April 3, 2021
A breach at a former phosphate fertilizer plant retention pond caused the evacuation of over 300 homes in the area and caused concerns about runoff into Tampa Bay. The pond holds 800 million gallons of process water contaminated by radioactive phosphogypsum and other toxic waste. Fears of an imminent catastrophic failure subsided by mid-April.
Chemical fire, unnamed company, Goleta, California
April 1, 2021
A mixing of chemicals at an unnamed business caused a fire and leakage of contaminated water. Local businesses were evacuated. The chemicals involved in the incident were not reported. The event occurred at 6325 Lindmar Drive in Goleta. According to Google Maps, this is the home of Microdyn Nadir, a water treatment membrane producer.
Overheated butyl acrylate, BASF, Greenville, Ohio
April 1, 2021
Two containers containing butyl acrylate overheated and released smoke at a BASF automotive coating plant. Local roads were closed for two hours.
Fire, “chemical smoke cloud,” Sartomer Americas, Chatham, Virginia
March 29, 2021
A barrel containing an undisclosed chemical overheated and created a chemical smoke cloud. Arkema, the parent company of Sartomer, did not name the chemical but described it as “an acrylic building block used in products such as coatings and adhesives. A nearby high school was evacuated. Sartomer Americas is a manufacturer of resins, owned by Arkema.
“Vapor leak,” one fatality, two injuries, 3V Sigma USA, Georgetown, South Carolina
March 27, 2021
A vapor leak - possibly a “chloride chemical” - killed an employee at a specialized chemicals plant. At least two other workers were injured. 3V Sigma USA manufactures synthetic polymers, preservatives, and thickeners for the personal care, home care, pulp & paper and textile industries.
Sulphuric acid spill, Locatelli Vineyards, San Miguel, California
March 27, 2021
Sulphuric acid from a punctured chemical storage tank at a vineyard forced the closure of a local road. The toxic chemical was reported to have been leached into the soil and released into a storm drain that leads to the Salinas River.
Chlorine leak, Newburgh, New York
March 27, 2021
A leak of chlorine, possibly from a commercial chlorine tank, forced the evacuations of the Cornerstone Family Health Center and the Mullen’s apartment complex.
Explosion and fire, Rason Asphalt, Melville, New York
March 24, 2021
A tank holding liquid asphalt exploded, and firefighters were called in to battle a blaze that blanketed the area with thick clouds of smoke.
Chlorine Leak, Opelousas City Sewer, Opelousas, Louisiana
March 18, 2021
Several nearby residents were evacuated after a chlorine leak was discovered in the city’s wastewater treatment plant.
Fire, Thunderbolt Racing Fuel, Cornelius, Oregon
March 16, 2021
A fire and explosions at a racing fuel plant forced the evacuation of local residents.
Contaminated drinking water, San Angelo, Texas
March 16, 2021
Officials in San Angelo issued a “do not use” order after high levels of benzene, naphthalene and acetone were found in the city’s water. The source of the contamination was unknown.
Hydrochloric Acid leak, Ohio Aluminum Chemical LLC, West Chester, Ohio
March 15, 2021
Authorities issued a shelter-in-place order for a half-mile radius from the plant after a pipe burst. Most of the chemical remained in the building however some did spill into a nearby creek.
Fire, Cahaba Pallets, Centreville, AL
March 9, 2021
Fire completely destroyed a pallet plant. A fire department drone detected chemicals stored near the fire and residents living in a half-mile radius were evacuated.
Toxic Fumes, Alliance Roofing Company, Sacramento, CA
Mar. 2, 2021
Several firefighters who responding to reports of odors coming from a roofing company suffered respiratory injuries. They were exposed to fumes, believed to be solvents, leaking from an unmarked barrel. A one-block radius of the business was evacuated.
Refinery fire, Delek Refinery, El Dorado, Arkansas
Feb. 27, 2021
A fire at a refinery injured six people. The Delek Refinery refines up to 80,000 barrels per day of crude into gasoline, diesel, asphalt and LPG.
Fire, Advanced Foam Recycling Center, Dallas, Texas
Feb 25, 2021
A spark is believed to have caused a massive fire that injured three workers, burned for over a day, and destroyed a polyurethane foam recycling facility in Dallas. Advanced Foam Recycling says it is “the largest scrap foam supplier to the carpet cushion industry.” Polyurethane foam scrap often contains halogenated flame retardants and blowing agents.
Ammonia release, Eastman Chemical, St. Gabriel, Louisiana
Feb. 22, 2021
Ammonia was released from the Eastman Chemical plant. It was unclear what caused the release of ammonia, which reportedly lasted for about 10 minutes, from the facility. Three employees of a nearby business were exposed. According to Eastman’s Risk Management Plan, the chemical plant stores up to 187,000 pounds of anhydrous ammonia. “Anhydrous ammonia, and alcohols are reacted to produce amine products, such as ethylamines and isopropylamines.”
Three million pounds of toxic chemical releases, 194 facilities, attributed to freezing conditions, Texas
A surge of cold weather in the Deep South led to hundreds of emissions incidents at oil and chemical plants, especially in Texas. According to data compiled by Catherine Fraser of Environment Texas, 194 facilities reported over three million pounds of toxic chemical releases related to the freezing weather of February 11 to 22, which shut down power and halted natural gas deliveries. For example:
- BASF/Total olefins plant in Port Arthur released 32,883 pounds of 1,3-butadiene, benzene, ethyl benzene, styrene, toluene, and xylene.
- Olin Blue Cube chlor-alkali / epoxies plant in Freeport released 859 pounds of 1,3-dichloropropane, epichlorohydrin, ethylene, ethylene dichloride, and vinyl chloride.
- Occidental Chemicals (OxyChem) chlor-alkali plant in Ingleside released 804 pounds of ethylene dichloride, hydrochloric acid, nitrous oxide, and vinyl chloride.
- Solvay fluorochemicals plant in Orange released 125 pounds of chlorotrifluoroethylene.
- OxyChem vinyl chloride monomer plant in Deer Park released 27 pounds of chloroform, ethylene dichloride and vinyl chloride.
- Guardian Industries insulation plant in Corsicana released 0.22 pounds of lead.
Incident details available at the Texas Council for Environmental Quality Air Emission Event Report Database.
Toxic chemical flaring, Valero Energy Corp refinery, Memphis, Tennessee
Feb. 15, 2021
Flaring by Valero released 501 pounds of sulfur dioxide and 101 pounds of hydrogen sulfide gases, and misted the nearby Nonconnah Creek with oil. The company blamed the flare on cold temperatures. The refinery makes gasoline, diesel, jet fuel and petrochemicals.
Fire, Stanton Energy Center coal fired power plant, Orlando, Florida
Feb. 13, 2021
A burst of hydraulic fluid from a pipeline ignited and caused a major fire at the 34-year old power station. “This right here might be a major explosion getting ready to happen,” said a plant operator in an urgent 911 call.
Oil Spill, Chevron Long Wharf, Richmond, California
Feb. 10, 2021
Approximately 600 gallons of an unknown petroleum product spilled into the San Francisco Bay after a pipeline at Chevron’s refinery developed a leak.
Attempted poisoning by hack, Oldsmar Water Treatment Plant, Oldsmar, Florida
Feb 8, 2021
Hackers tried to increase the level of lye in local water supplies from 100 to 11,100 parts per million (pmm). Levels above 10,000 ppm can harm the gastrointestinal tract. The hackers briefly altered the water supplies before alarms were initiated.
Boron trichloride leak, Leepoxy Plastics, Fort Wayne, Indiana
Feb. 8, 2021
Boron trichloride leaked after a worker disconnected a hose, forming a toxic cloud. Workers escaped without injury. The company is a custom formulator of epoxies and urethanes.
Unknown toxic exposure, 29 injuries, Philips North America oral care products, Ontario, California
Feb. 4, 2021
Twenty-nine people were injured and nine were hospitalized with respiratory trouble after being exposed to an unknown contaminant. The facility manufactures oral care products.
Styrene monomer spill into Ohio River, Dart Polymers polystyrene packaging plant, Owensboro, Kentucky
Feb. 3, 2021
Dart Polymers spilled 900 gallons of styrene monomer from a collection basin. “Approximately 300 gallons left the property and entered the environment, including the Ohio River.” The company uses the styrene monomer to polystyrene food and beverage packaging. More information here.
Ammonia Leak, Tyson Foods chicken plant, Noel, Missouri
Feb. 3, 2021
Hazmat and fire crews responded to an ammonia leak at a Tysons Foods chicken processing plant. OSHA cited the same facility in 2007 with 46 serious violations, including failure to provide an special alarm for ammonia releases.
Chemical Leak, Onslow Water and Sewer Authority (ONWASA), Jacksonville, NC
Jan 30, 2021
The local water authority shut down two production wells after PFAS contamination was found nearby, near Camp Davis Marine Corp. Outlying Field. PFAS have not yet been detected in drinking water or groundwater, but private wells have yet to be tested in the city of Jacksonville.
Fire, Atlantic Fiber Company recycling plant, Passaic, New Jersey
Jan 30, 2021
An 11-alarm fire broke out at a recycling facility. The plant had the capacity to process up to 40,000 tons of single-stream municipal waste per month. The company specializes in recycling corrugated cardboard and other paper products.
Fire, Camden Iron & Metal scrap metal plant, Camden, New Jersey
Jan. 29, 2021
A fire at a scrap metal recycling facility burned for at least eight hours. Residents were evacuated to local shelters.
Liquid Nitrogen Leak, Six Fatalities, Foundation Food Group chicken packaging plant, Gainesville, Georgia
Jan 28, 2021
A liquid nitrogen leak at a chicken plant killed six workers at a chicken . Foundation Food Group is a joint venture of Prime-Pak Foods and Victory Processing. It operates three poultry processing sites in Gainesville.“The processing plant uses liquid nitrogen to flash-freeze chicken, and the ‘inadvertent release’ happened on one of the plant’s five production lines”, according to Katherine Lemos, the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board’s chairman and CEO.
Hydrochloric Acid Leak, Dover Chemical, Dover, Ohio
Jan. 26, 2021
A leak of hydrochloric acid at the chlorination process building of this industrial chemical company caused a cloud of gas to form around the building. Dover Chemical manufactures fire retardants and surfactants.
Ammonia Spill, Kellogg, San Jose, California
Jan 22, 2021
Kellogg’s building was evacuated and a shelter-in-place alert was issued to nearby residents after an unknown amount of ammonia was released at the company’s facility on Eggo Way.
Fire, Washington Potato Factory, Warden, Washington
Jan 22, 2021
A fire at the potato factory edged close to an ammonia tank, leading officials to evacuate the surrounding area. “We’re just standing back and waiting to see if that tank does explode,” Kyle Forman, a spokesperson the county sheriff’s office was reported as saying.
“Dramatic” Chemical Reaction, Gemini Signage, Cannon Falls, Minnesota
Jan. 15, 2021
One person was injured when two unidentified chemicals were accidentally mixed together at a signage manufacturing plant
Fire/Toxic Smoke, Specialty Products Inc, Lakewood, Washington
Jan. 14, 2021
A fire at a polyurethane foam plant released a toxic cloud and forced the evacuation of buildings and homes within a half-mile radius.
Chlorine Leak, Malteurop Malting Co., Great Falls, Montana
Jan. 11, 2021
Hazardous materials (Hazmat) crews were called in to address a chlorine gas leak at a malting facility.
“Chemical Incident”, Daniele Prosciutto Inc, Burrillville, Rhode Island
Dec. 28, 2020
Workers evacuated a cured meat plant, and 10 people were transported to the hospital with upper respiratory irritation.
Chemical Smell, One Fatality, Fallon Middle School, Dublin, California
Dec. 24, 2020
Two school custodians were found unconscious after families called police when they didn’t return from work. One later died. Police responding to the situation noted a mysterious chemical smell.
Chemical Mixture, Galloway Co, Neenah, Wisconsin
Dec. 23, 2020
“Fire chief Kevin Kloehn says hazmat crews have been sent to the scene to investigate whether chlorine was erroneously emptied into a tank filled with acid.” Three employees were treated and released. Local residents were evacuated.
Ammonia Leak, Pepsico, Orange County, Florida
Dec. 15, 2020
Hazmat crews evacuated the building and were investigating the source of the leak.
Two-alarm industrial fire, Agricultural supply yard, Oxnard, California
Dec. 14, 2020
A fire in an agriculture supply yard set off a series of explosions and caused a building to partially collapse. Local officials, “worried that the fire threatened fertilizer and other chemicals stored at the yard,” ordered residents to shelter-in-place.
Sulfuric Acid Spill, Coca-Cola, Grand Rapids, Michigan
Dec. 12, 2020
Coca-Cola plant employees were evacuated after a tank containing sulfuric acid spilled while being offloaded. The spill was contained.
Ammonia Leak, Consumer Fresh Produce, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Dec. 11, 2020
Ammonia leaked from the roof of a cold-storage facility.
Fire, Odjfell Oil Terminal, Seabrook, Texas
Dec. 11, 2020
A hydraulic fuel fire broke at an oil depot; local residents were ordered to shelter-in-place.
Freon Leak, CF Cold Storage, Haverhill, Massachusetts
Dec. 10, 2020
A Freon leak caused employees to become lightheaded. The cold storage facility was evacuated.
Chemical Odor, Brookline Department of Public Works, Brookline, Massachusetts
Dec. 9, 2020
A chemical odor in the Municipal Service Center caused four employees to be sent to the hospital for evaluation.
Explosion, One Fatality, Optima Belle Chemical Plant, Belle, West Virginia
Dec. 9, 2020
Chemical batch processing equipment exploded and released chlorine, methanol, and metal shrapnel, into the surrounding area. One worker died, three were injured. Officials enforced a 2-mile radius shelter-in place and closed dozens of local schools.
Anhydrous Ammonia Leak, Dole Food Company, Springfield, Ohio
Dec. 9, 2020
One person was injured before fire and hazmat crews contained a leak of ammonia from a salad packing and distribution plant.
Refinery Fire, Magellan Midstream Partners, Corpus Christi, Texas
Dec. 5, 2020
A fire and explosion of an oil tank at the Magellan Storage Facility injured seven people and led to shelter-in-place orders to the local community for two hours. Two workers, who were cleaning the tank, later sued Magellan for allegedly causing “life-changing injuries.”
Fire, Ameritech Heat Treating Services, LaPorte, Texas
Dec. 5, 2020
A fire involving an unknown chemical at a metal heat treating facility caused authorities to issue a shelter-in place order.
Nitrogen Leak, Two Fatalities, Golden West Food Group, Vernon California
Dec. 1, 2020
A nitrogen leak at the Golden West food processing plant left two people dead.
Fire, Eastman South Coal Gas, Kingsport, Tennessee
Dec. 1, 2020
A “minor incident” led to a “small fire” at the Eastman coal gasification plant. In 2017, an explosion at this plant disrupted operations for weeks.
Hazardous Chemical Spill, Amazon Distribution Center, Eastvale, California
Nov. 28, 2020
Firefighters evacuated 150 employees and several were hospitalized after possible exposure to an unknown hazardous substance. The workers reported to be feeling ill with “undisclosed mild to moderate symptoms.” Earlier in the year, workers complained to state and local authorities “about what they say are dangerous working conditions at the facility that could expose them to the novel coronavirus.”
Chemical Explosion, MGP Ingredients, Atchinson, Kansas
Nov. 27, 2020
An investigation is being conducted as to what caused the second explosion at a distillery in four years. In 2016, a truck driver mistakenly unloaded sulfuric acid into a hypochlorite line at the MGP plant, leading to an explosion that hospitalized 100 people and released a cloud of chlorine gas over the city. More info here.
Chemical Leak, Ascend Performance Materials, Escambia, Florida
Nov 27, 2020
A power outage led to the release of anhydrous ammonia, nitric oxide, and nitrogen dioxide for over 30 hours. County officials said they were never notified of the leak while it was occurring. Ascend Performance Materials makes adipic acid, BHMT, dimethyl esters, hexamethylene diamine, keytone alcohol, nitric acid and nylon salt, at this plant. More information here.
Ammonia Leak, Tyson Prepared Foods, Hutchinson, Kansas
Nov. 21, 2020
A meat packing plant was evacuated after ammonia leaked from a meat packing refrigeration unit. Two workers were transported to the hospital.
Fuel Tank Explosion, Thomas Plastic Machinery warehouse, Scottsdale, Indiana
Nov. 19, 2020
A fuel tank exploded and triggered a fire in a plastics machinery warehouse. One worker was hospitalized and the nearby area was evacuated.
Fire, Ohio Metallurgical Service, Elyria, Ohio
Nov. 16, 2020
A fire at a metal heat treatment facility caused an explosion and blue and pinkish flames.
Ethylene Oxide Leak, Croda, New Castle, Delaware
Nov. 15, 2020
Delaware Public Media reported that, according to the Department of Natural Resources, the Croda chemical plant “had exceeded its annual emission limit for ethylene oxide at an air pollution scrubber, and that the scrubber had failed to reduce volatile organic compound emissions by at least 95 percent. Croda also routed an unpermitted source into an air pollution scrubber and operated an unpermitted source of ethylene oxide at a part of the plant known as a hotwell, which environmental regulators say condenses vapors from the purification and distillation of crude ethylene glycol.” The latest problems followed a massive leak at the plant in 2018 which caused a shutdown of the Delaware Memorial Bridge.
According to its Risk Management Plan, Croda stores as much as 1,433,200 pounds of ethylene oxide in rail cars at the Atlas Point site. It uses ethylene oxide in the manufacture of surfactants.
Chemical Released - One Fatality, Wacker Polysilicon, Charleston, Tennessee
Nov. 13, 2020
A release of a mixture of steam and hydrochloric acid killed one contract worker and injured several others at a polycrystalline silicon plant.
Fatality, Flash Tank Services, Channelview, Texas
Nov. 12, 2020
A worker cleaning out a tanker that previously held toluene was found dead. “Authorities say it's not exactly clear how the man died since he was wearing a respirator at the time.” More information here.
Fire/Explosion, One Fatality, Pureline Treatment Systems, Bensenville, Illinois
Nov. 12, 2020
At time of reporting it was unclear what caused the explosion at the factory which produces chlorine dioxide generators for water treatment. Firefighters were challenged by a leaking barrel of hydrochloric acid that mixed with water from an overhead sprinkler system and formed a chemical cloud.
Chemical Leak, Hexion Chemical Plants, Springfield, Oregon
Nov. 1, 2020
A formaldehyde leak shut down local streets and caused several people to be transported to the local hospital for evaluations. Hexion is the country’s leading manufacturer of formaldehyde-based resins.
Tank Collapse, INEOS, Lima, Ohio
Oct. 26, 2020
A storage tank, which was reported not to be in service, collapsed during the night, shaking up local residents who were told they were not in danger. Contents of the tank were said to be proprietary and not revealed. “The plant's primary product, acrylonitrile, is manufactured by combining ammonia, propylene and air,” according to a Risk Management Plan.
Contaminated Groundwater, Velsicol Chemical, St. Louis, Missouri
Oct. 24, 2020
A two foot thick slurry containment wall installed in 1982 when the chemical plant was demolished was discovered to be leaking by EPA inspectors. The inspectors found evidence that contaminated groundwater had spread into a neighborhood but said that no contaminants were evident in drinking water. The facility had produced chemicals such as DDT and flame retardants.
Explosion, New Mexicann Natural Medicine, Santa Fe, New Mexico
Oct. 20, 2020
An explosion at a cannabis production facility severely burned two workers.The state suspended New Mexicann’s licenses. According to High Times, the facility had a similar explosion in the past. “Back in 2015, that explosion also burned two coworkers. It happened when two workers were extracting THC using cannabis that was soaked with butane and then heated to boil off liquid and create hash. The method is looked down on as unsafe by many in the industry because of the highly flammable nature of butane that is heated during the extraction process. At the time, New Mexicann Natural Medicine was fined $13,500 by OSHA and cited for at least 12 violations, which were considered serious by the state.”
Chemical Spill, ND Paper, Old Town, Maine
Oct. 7, 2020
More than 30,000 gallons of pulping chemicals were spilled into the Penobscot River after a sewer line ruptured.
Improper Chemical Storage and Disposal, Kassouni Manufacturing Inc. (KMI), Belding, Michigan
Oct. 6, 2020
The company is facing a $115,000 fine and has been prevented from using, storing or disposing trichloroisocyanuric acid (TCICA). The chemical, which is used to kill bacteria in swimming pools and hot tubs, had been mishandled in the past at the facility resulting in release of chlorine gas clouds and a dumpster fire.
Chemical Leak, Boston College chemistry center, Boston, Massachusetts
Oct. 5, 2020
A leak of hydrogen-sulphide into an air vent forced the evacuation of the building housing the Merkert Chemistry Center. No injuries were reported.
Chlorine Leak, Salisbury Paleo Water Treatment Plant, Salisbury, Maryland
Sept. 25, 2020
A worker discovered a leaking chlorine cylinder at a water treatment plant. Hazmat teams capped off the 150 pound cylinder, and the employee was sent to a hospital for evaluation.
Foundry Fire, ABC Coke, Huntsville, Alabama
Sept. 24, 2020
Three employees were injured in a flash fire that occurred at ABC Coke, owned by coal company Drummond Company. This is the largest largest merchant producer of foundry coke in the United States. ABC Coke was fined $775,000 for improper benzene emissions in 2019. Further information here.
Chemical Leak from Gunfire, Helena Agri-Enterprises LLC, Ridgeway, New York
Sept. 22, 2020
Five people were arrested after bullet holes were found in tanks, and caused agricultural chemical tanks to leak. The three adults and two juveniles admitted to target shooting in the area.
Chlorine Dioxide Leak, Domtar paper mill, Kenosha, Wisconsin
Sept. 22, 2020
A leak of 2,000 pounds of chlorine dioxide at a paper mill forced employees to be relocated and local traffic to be rerouted.
Fire, 2 Fatalities, Evergreen Packaging Mill, Canton, North Carolina
Sept. 21, 2022
A fire, at the 2,000 acre paper mill, was reported to have been started in a “process vessel.” Two contractors who died apparently were there to repair damaged equipment. As of January 20, 2021, a U.S. Chemical Safety Board investigation remains underway.
Chemical Explosion, Arizona State University research laboratory, Tempe, Arizona
Sept. 16, 2020
An explosion of chlorine dioxide at a research lab at the University injured 3 people.
Chemical Fire, Bio Lab, Conyers, Georgia
Sept. 14, 2020
According to a local report, “Plumes of toxic vapor rose out of the warehouse where Trichloroisocyanuric acid was stored. The chemical is in a powdered form and used to treat and clean swimming pools. When water came in contact with the chemical it released a chlorine or bleach smell.” As a result, hazmat crews closed a nearby four-mile stretch of I-20 for several hours.
Explosion, Averitt Express transport hub, Lawrenceville, Georgia
Sept. 11, 2020
An explosion and flames were reported at a shipping company’s loading dock where acetylene cylinders were being transported. “It is unknown whether one of the cylinders was ruptured or leaking during offloading,” a fire spokesman said.
Chemical Leak, Littleton High School, Littleton, Colorado
Sept. 10, 2020
A leak of chlorine, gas and muriatic acid in the pool room of the school sent one person to the hospital with non-life threatening injuries.
Fire, CPI Products plastics plant, Williamson County, Texas
Sept. 10, 2020
A fire destroyed a rigid plastics factory. Local residents were ordered to shelter in place, close their windows and shut off air conditioners.
Explosion, FAR Chemical, Palm Bay, Florida
Sept. 8, 2020
A series of explosions at FAR Chemical rattled windows and released fireballs resulting in a shutdown of US-1. A Palm Bay spokesperson said the blasts originated from a storage area containing barrels of an isopropyl alcohol-based solution. More information here. Florida Department of Environmental Protection cited FAR Chemical for failing to notify residents within 24 hours of the release of “potentially hazardous materials into the air.” A site Risk Management Plan lists bromine and trimethylchlorosilane as hazardous chemicals it uses on site to manufacture pharmaceutical intermediates and other chemicals.
Chemical Spill, Department of Homeland Security, Washington D.C.
Sept. 2, 2020
Hazmat teams responded to a chemical leak involving a spill of sulphuric acid from a leaking battery that was part of an emergency power backup unit. Parts of the DHS building were evacuated and employees were sent home for the day. One person went to a hospital for evaluation.
Chemical Leak, Sabic Plastics, Selkirk, New York
Sept. 1. 2020
A styrene leak at a rail station on Sabic’s property in Selkirk, NY caused officials to authorize a shelter in place for residents in a 1 mile radius and evacuations for non-essential personnel in a ½ mile radius. The rail car was reported to have contained 180,000 pounds of styrene, according to Sabic executive Scott Danzey. Later reports revealed the railcar had been sitting in the railyard for 3 months.
Hurricane Laura incidents
August 27, 2020
“According to a WWNO/WRKF analysis of publicly-available reports and emails from the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (LDEQ), while the majority of facilities emerged unscathed from the Category 4 hurricane, nine out of the 138 facilities that were inspected suffered critical damage.”
Plains All American reported a leak of an unknown amount of crude oil from a 40,000 barrel storage tank. EPA said it received 31 reports of oil and chemical spills in the wake of Hurricane Laura.
Critical damage was reported at the Lotte Chemical plant in Lake Charles and Equistar Chemicals facility in Westlake. The Chemical Waste Management facility in Lake Charles, according to WWNO/WRKF, reported “severe” damage, including the potential “total loss” of a transfer facility.
The most significant incident occurred at the BioLab chemical plant in Lake Charles (below).A massive fire consumed this swimming pool chemical plant after being damaged by Hurricane Laura. The fire burned for two days and shut down Interstate 10. EPA found chlorine above detection limits in nine neighborhood locations. BioLab reportedly stores 835 tons of the chemical trichloroisocyanuric acid. A U.S. Chemical Safety Board investigation is ongoing, as of January 20, 2021.
In addition, according to New Orleans Public Radio, “The EPA is investigating potential damage at two Superfund sites in Louisiana — possible leaching of creosote-laden soil at American Creosote in DeRidder, and another incident at Marion Pressure Treating in Marion.”
Reform Austin reported that the pollution began before the Category 4 hurricane struck the Gulf Coast. “ “With Hurricane Laura threatening the Gulf Coast region, the oil refineries and petrochemical plants that stretch across the Houston area and Southeast Texas took their customary precautions of shutting down operations. In doing so, they released about 4 million pounds of pollutants into the air.”
Chemical Release, Valero oil refinery, Port Arthur, Texas
Aug. 27, 2020
Valero reportedly released 840 pounds of sulphur dioxide around its Port Arthur operations during shut down procedure for Hurricane Laura.
Chemical Leak, Motiva oil refinery, Port Arthur, Texas
Aug. 27, 2020
“In Texas, refineries were rushing to shut down as Laura came barrelling toward the coast. But shuttering these plants actually involves releasing millions of pounds of additional pollution. As part of shutdown procedures, these facilities often need to release and burn off (or flare) various unprocessed chemicals and gases,” reported Grist magazine. “In fact, when Laura made landfall in southeast Texas, a report by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality showed that Motiva’s Port Arthur refinery, the largest oil refinery on the continent, had a chemical leak on a process line during the shutdown.” According to publication Reform Austin, “Motiva’s emissions totaled nearly 90 tons, including a half-ton of benzene. The plant reported releasing more hazardous pollutants during the hurricane than it did in all of 2018.”
Tank Fire, Pasadena Refining Systems refinery, Pasadena, Texas
Aug. 18, 2020
A tank fire was reported at Pasadena Refining Systems, adjacent to Buffalo Bayou. The product in the tank was “unknown,” according to a NOAA report. There was no discharge of foam or fire suppression water into the waterway. A site Risk Management Program report says the refinery “operates a variety of processes to produce petroleum products (e.g., refinery grade propylene, gasoline, fuel oil, and coke) from raw crude oil. The refinery has several regulated flammables, such as hydrogen, methane, ethanes, propanes, butanes, and pentanes. In addition, the refinery uses chlorine for algae control in cooling towers and hydrogen fluoride in the making of gasoline, which are also regulated substances.”
Explosion, 2 Fatalities, DAR PRO Solutions cooking oil/meat recycling plant, Byram, Mississippi
Aug. 15, 2020
An explosion killed two workers at a company that recycles used cooking oil and inedible meat byproducts for use in pet food. According to the Associated Press, DAR PRO Solutions did not report the incident to authorities.
Explosion, Brainerd Chemical warehouse, Dunn, North Carolina
Aug. 11, 2020
An explosion occurred in the chemical distribution warehouse, apparently after sodium chloride and sulfuric acid were mixed.
Multiple Fires, Xcel Energy, French Island, LaCrosse, Wisconsin
Week of Aug. 24, 2020
Fire crews put out two fires in three days at a power plant. The first occurred in a dust collection system, the second broke out in a conveying system and was reported to have taken 40 firefighters nearly 7 hours to put out. The plant burns garbage and fuel oil.
Chemical Spill, Borden Dairy, Winter Haven, Florida
July 29, 2020
A leak of a liquid at a dairy plant formed a cloud of gas and the site was evacuated. The leak was reported as a combination of “Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Hypochlorite, Sodium Polyacrylate, Nitric Acid and Phosphoric Acid.”
Chemical Leak, Wrentham Water Treatment Plant, Wrentham, Massachusetts
July 21, 2020
Two workers were hospitalized after being sprayed with potassium hydroxide from a pressurized hose.
Chemical Leak, Amazon Warehouse, Phoenix
July 16, 2020
Residents nearby a distribution warehouse were told to evacuate, and those further away were ordered to shelter in place, after a semi-truck was discovered smoldering and emitting a chemical odor. "Initially representatives from Amazon could not be found delaying the identification of the products inside the trailer," according to a local report. The identification of what was described as a hazardous chemical was never given to the press.
Flash Fire, Pyrotechnic Specialties, Byron, Georgia
June 18, 2020
An explosion and flash fire caused burns to a worker at the facility. “The man was injured while turning potassium nitrate into pellets...The chemical is used in fireworks, rocket propellants, gun powder and more,” according to a local news report. In 2016, OSHA fined the company $176,000 after another explosion injued an employee.
Chemical Spill, DENSO Manufacturing automotive components plant, Battle Creek, Michigan
June 16, 2020
A tank containing diluted chemicals, including sulfuric acid and hydrofluoric acid, spilled and caused an evacuation of the facility. One worker was sent to the hospital for inhalation of fumes. The plant makes automotive air conditioning and engine cooling components.
Explosion, Troxel Company steel tubing plant, Moscow, Tennessee
June 15, 2020
An explosion in the ventilation system at the factory sent three workers to the hospital with burns. Troxel manufactures steel tubing.
Explosion, Praxair Inc., Texas City, Texas
June 11, 2020
A rupture in a nitrogen line caused an explosion at the facility, which produces hydrogen.
Explosion, Derichebourg Recycling metal scrap yard, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
June 10, 2020
Neighbors of the plant complained after an explosion shook nearby houses and caused a fire and a plume of smoke. “This isn’t the first or second time,” one neighbor said. Frequent explosions from this metal shredding plant have been reported at least since 2013
Chemical Release, BioLab swimming pool chemical plant, Conyers, Georgia
May 25, 2020
A chlorine vapor cloud caused the shutdown of roadways and the evacuations of surrounding buildings, while residents were told to shelter in place. Officials blamed the release on water exposure. It was reported that the facility had been the site of several chemical fires in the past 16 years.
Explosion/Fire, SmokeTokes hash oil warehouse, Los Angeles, California
May 16, 2020
An explosion and fire in a hash oil warehouse injured several firefighters who ran into the burning building only to be confronted by a ball of flames. “Some of the fleeing firefighters were on fire and tore off their protective equipment and left it on the sidewalk, along with melted helmets.”
Ammonia Leak, Tyson Foods meat processing plant, Albertville, Alabama
May 12, 2020
The plant was evacuated, with no injuries reported. Tyson is the world's largest meat and poultry processing company. OSHA previously said the company “failed to separate compressed gas cylinders of oxygen and acetylene while in storage - a violation for which OSHA cited the company in 2013 at its Albertville, Alabama, facility.”
Explosion/Fire, The Allen Company, Berea, Kentucky
May 10, 2020
The plant produces blacktop asphalt. An explosion in a heater caused the explosion. Fire was fueled by “100 gallons of oil and a natural gas line.”
Fire, Magnesium Elektron, Madison, Illinois
May 7, 2020
Fire broke out at a factory that produces magnesium alloys for batteries, electronics and cars. “It was determined oil and trash had caught fire at the facility. Magnesium was not involved as a fuel source for the blaze. The exact cause of the fire has not been determined.” The company paid a $50,000 fine after a fire in 2012. That Madison Fire Chief said, “I’ve been on this department 35 years and there’s probably been several fatalities out here. … From explosions or what have you.”
Explosion/Fire. Henkel AG surfactant plant, St. Louis, Missouri
May 1, 2020
A violent explosion occurred at a St. Louis surfactant plant. There were reports of sulfuric acid being leaked. No injuries were reported.
Fire, Chemical Solvent Inc, Cleveland, Ohio
April 29, 2020
A reported boiler malfunction caused a fire at CSI’s Jennings Road solvent blending plant. The Jennings Road plant is one two company sites that were issued fines from the EPA in Sept. 2019. Under the consent decree with EPA, Chemical Solvents was to “pay a $400,000 penalty and upgrade control devices and monitoring equipment, implement a leak detection and repair program for waste and product tanks, and close a wastewater sump.”
Lightning Strike, Chalmette Refining, St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana
April 18, 2020
“Plumes of smoke and the smell of chemicals emanated from the Chalmette Refining plant in St. Bernard Parish after power failed during heavy thunderstorms on Saturday,” according to NOLA.com. “The incident happened just after 4 p.m.. Chalmette Refining said there were no injuries and the plant flared off excess gasses, though the company did not specify what was burned, but the smell was reported across the New Orleans metro area. Some said it smelled like gasoline, while others in the Irish Channel complained of a burning tire smell in their neighborhood.”
Explosion/Fire, Bloomington-Normal Water Reclamation District, Bloomington, Illinois
April 16, 2020
A methane gas leak in the building that managed sludge and gas production caused an explosion and subsequent fire. An employee opening the door to check the gas level was caught in the explosion and received minor injuries.
Explosion, Pixelle Specialty Solutions Paper Mill, Jay, Maine
April 15, 2020
An explosion destroyed a digester that produces pulp. Some employees suffered respiratory issues and were treated and released. By October 29, 2020 the company had laid off 177 people from the mill. A statement from the company blamed the layoff on, “the costs and hardships caused by April’s explosion.”
Coal dust cloud, Crawford Coal Plant, Chicago, Illinois
April 10, 2020
The demolition of a shuttered coal plant unleashed a heavy cloud of coal dust over Chicago’s south side neighborhood of Little Village. “The demolition happened as officials are trying to contain COVID-19, a respiratory illness,” reported the Chicago Tribune. “The neighborhood near the plant has already had at least 268 people fall ill with COVID-19.”
Fire/Explosion, Valero Refinery, St. Bernard’s Parish, Louisiana
April 9, 2020
One person was injured from an explosion of which a blown pressure relief valve was a suspected cause. The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality said the refinery also flared “excess materials.” No results of air monitoring were available and the company did not disclose if any chemicals were released. More information here.
Explosion, OneH2 hydrogen fuel plant, Long View, North Carolina
April 7, 2020
According to a local news report, “OneH2 provides hydrogen fuel tanks for commercial vehicles, such as forklifts. Witnesses said their homes were shaken by the explosion. Some of the houses had doors and windows blown out by the blast...Catawba County officials said about 60 homes near the plant suffered minor damage. One home was declared uninhabitable and the owner is being assisted.” In June 2020, nearby residents asked the plant to be moved to another, safer location.