These are key documents that give background on the dangers of chemical plants, the available solutions, and the steps that are being taken to make communities safer.
Maps: Dangers Near You
“In an October 22, 2015 interactive map by the Center for Effective Government, you can find 1,483 chemical manufacturing facilities with serious workplace or environmental violations in the past three to five years operating in communities in almost every state.”
Request for Information from EPA: Accidental Release Prevention Requirements: Risk Management Programs Under the Clean Air Act, Section 112(r)(7) published in the Federal Register on July 31, 2014. Public comment period open until October 29, 2014
Coalition Comments: The Coalition to Prevent Chemical Disasters submitted comments on October 29, 2014 undersigned by 156 organizations responding to the EPA’s Federal Register Notice (issued on July 31, 2014) – Accidental Release Prevention Requirements: Risk Management Programs Under the Clean Air Act, Section 112(r)(7); Rule Modernization Under Executive Order 13650. Docket Number EPA-HQ-OEM-2014-0328.
Center for Effective Government Comments: The Center for Effective Government’s supplemental comments to its October 2014 comments regarding the EPA’s Request for Information.
Inter-Agency Working Group Report for the President: “Executive Order 13650 Actions to Improve Chemical Facility Safety and Security – A Shared Commitment.” Report for the President by the Inter-agency Working Group released May 2014
EPA Signals Plans to Propose Rulemaking: Plans for the EPA to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking in September, 2015. In Fall 2014, in response to Executive Order 13650, the EPA signaled potential revisions to its Risk Management Program regulations and related programs.
Reports on Dangers of Chemical Facilities:
“A February 4, 2016 Greenpeace report on 86 chlorine bleach plants that needlessly endanger more than 63 million Americans. In addition many more people are put at risk by the transport of chlorine by 90 ton rail cars throughout the U.S. The report shows that safer alternatives are available and in use by firms such as Clorox but underutilized by 86 other facilities.”
“A January 16, 2016 report by the Center for Effective Government, Living in the Shadow of Danger Poverty, Race and Unequal Chemical Facility Hazards, found that people of color and poor residents are significantly more likely to live near dangerous chemical facilities than white and non-poor residents in the United States. All 50 states were graded based on these unequal dangers, and more than half of states received D’s or F’s.”
“This October 22, 2015 report by the Center for Effective Government identified 1,483 chemical manufacturing facilities with serious workplace or environmental violations in the past three to five years operating in communities in almost every state.”
“Chemical Hazards In Your Backyard: Do Your First Responders Have the Information They Need in an Emergency?” Center for Effective Government, April 2015
“Kids in Danger Zones: One in Three U.S. Schoolchildren at Risk from Chemical Catastrophes.” Center for Effective Government, September 30, 2014 * See if your child’s school is near a vulnerability zone – Mapping tool
“Who’s in Danger? A Demographic Analysis of Chemical Disaster Vulnerability Zones.” Environmental Justice and Health Alliance (EJHA), May 2014
“Investigation Report: Catastrophic Rupture of Heat Exchanger (Seven Fatalities), Tesoro Anacortes Refinery.” U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board. Tesoro Report and Recommendations Presented at Public Meeting in Anacortes, Washington, May 1, 2014.
“Failure to Act: New Jersey Jobs and Communities are Still at Risk From Toxic Chemical Disaster” New Jersey Work Environment Council (WEC) October 2013
“Danger In Our Backyards: The Threat of Chemical Facilities to Millions.” A report on the environmental justice impacts of dangerous chemical facilities prepared by Greenpeace, Los Jardines Institute, Environmental Justice and Health Alliance for Chemical Reform, and Advocates for Environmental Human Rights.
“Historic Opportunity for Chemical Disaster Prevention in 2013” A Case for Preventing Chemical Disasters
“A Risk Too Great: Hydrofluoric Acid in U.S. Refineries” A joint report by United Steelworkers, New Perspectives Consulting Group, and Tony Mazzocchi Center, April 2013.
“RMP Facilities in the United States as of December 2014” Memorandum to Senator Edward J. Markey from Dana A. Shea find 466 “high risk” facilities in the United States, Congressional Research Service, December 3, 2014.
“RMP Facilities in the United States as of November 2012” Memorandum to Senator Frank R. Lautenberg from Dana A. Shea finds 473 “high risk” facilities in the United States, Congressional Research Service, November 16, 2012.
“Toxic Koch: Keeping Americans at Risk of a Poison Gas Disaster” by John Deans and Will Vickery. Greenpeace, August 24, 2011.
Reports by Center for American Progress:
“New Survey Shows Improved Chemical Security Makes Millions Safer” by Reece Rushing and Paul Orum, March 2, 2010.
“Chemical Security 101: What You Don’t Have Can’t Leak, or Be Blown Up By Terrorists” by Paul Orum and Reece Rushing, November 19, 2008.
“Toxic Trains and the Terrorist Threat: How Water Utilities Can Get Chlorine Gas Off the Rails and Out of American Communities” by Paul Orum, April 2, 2007.
“Preventing Toxic Terrorism: How Some Chemical Facilities are Removing Danger to American Communities” by Paul Orum, April 2006.
“New Strategies to Protect America: Securing Our Nation’s Chemical Facilities” by Dr. Linda Greer, 2005.
Reports by Center for Effective Government:
“Interactive Map: Students, Others at Risk from Hazardous Chemical Facilities” by Sofia Plagakis, April 17, 2014
“Updated Database Reveals Significant Chemical Risks Are Distributed Across the Country” by Becky Rubenstrunk, July 30, 2013
“Chlorine Gas Is a Major Risk across the Country, but Needn’t Be” by Leeann Sinpatanasakul, October 8, 2013
“Is Anhydrous Ammonia a Risk to Your Community?” by Sofia Plagakis, May 7, 2013
Obama Administration’s Record on Chemical Disaster Prevention
“Change We Can Believe In: Barack Obama’s Plan to Renew America’s Promise.” Barack Obama, 2008. Excerpt on chemical plant safety
Coalition to Prevent Chemical Disasters Letters and Petitions
Letter from Coalition Members in response to May 02, 2014 meeting with the Executive Order Working Group (May 13, 2014)
Letter from Coalition Members to Administrator Gina McCarthy urging the Administrator to make chemical disaster prevention one of the priority initiatives in the first 100 days of office. (August 1, 2013)
EPA Documents and Letters to the EPA
Internal documents from EPA‘s aborted roll out strategy for “Improving Security and Preventing Releases Caused by Criminal Attacks at Hazardous Chemical Facilities” which would have used the Clean Air Act authority to prevent disasters. (2002)
Gov. Whitman Sends Letter to EPA Administrator Jackson Urging Action Under the Clean Air Act regarding increased chemical safety (April 3, 2012)
National Environmental Justice Advisory Council (NEJAC) Sends Letter to EPA Administrator Jackson focused on increased chemical safety (March 14, 2012)
Frequently Asked Questions about EPA’s Chemical Disaster Prevention Authorities
Converting to Safer Processes
Clorox converts its operations to safer process: First Announcement (2009)
“Economic and Employment Benefits of the Chemical and Water Security Act of 2009” Report by Management Information Services Inc., July 2010